TITLE

Anal Complications after Restorative Proctocolectomy (J-Pouch)

AUTHOR(S)
Rossi, Heather L.; Brand, Marc I.; Saclarides, Theodore J.
PUB. DATE
July 2002
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Jul2002, Vol. 68 Issue 7, p628
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A prospective assessment was performed to determine the incidence of anal complications after ileoanal J-pouch anastomosis procedures for ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). From 1989 to 2000, 75 patients (50 male and 25 female) underwent proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis with temporary loop ileostomy for UC (N = 68) and FAP (N = 7). Overall 33 patients (44%) developed anal complications postoperatively. Nineteen patients (25%) had mild anal stenosis amenable to digital dilatation in the office. Ten patients (13%) had severe anal stenosis requiring operative dilatation. Ileostomy closure was delayed longer than 3 months in four patients because of anal stenosis. One patient never had his ileostomy closed secondary to severe anal stenosis. Anal fissures developed in one patient that resolved with conservative treatment. Three patients developed fistula-in-ano and one patient developed a pouch-vaginal fistula. Of these four patients two later manifested signs of Crohn's disease. Four patients developed perirectal abscesses (three without fistulas) that were treated with incision and drainage. Two patients had presacral (anastomotic) abscesses; one patient was treated with temporary anastomotic diversion and the other underwent a permanent ileostomy and pouch resection. Both of these patients were later diagnosed with Crohn's disease. Anal complications developed in 17 of 41 (41%) handsewn anastomoses, 16 of 34 (47%) stapled anastomoses, three of seven (43%) patients with FAP, and 30 of 68 (44%) patients with UC. Operative technique and disease type did not significantly correlate with the type of anal complication. However, handsewn anastomoses had a higher incidence of severe strictures and FAP patients did not develop anal abscesses, fistulas, or fissures. Forty-five per cent of our patients with abscesses/fistulas and all of our patients with presacral abscesses from anastomotic dehiscence were later diagnosed with...
ACCESSION #
7752202

 

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