Gluteal Compartment Syndrome and Sciatica after Bone Marrow Biopsy: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Roth, John Scott; Newman, Edwin C.
September 2002
American Surgeon;Sep2002, Vol. 68 Issue 9, p791
Academic Journal
The gluteal region is not commonly thought of as a compartment, yet nondistensible osseofascial boundaries do exist. As with any case of compartment syndrome expedient therapeutic measures are critical to salvaging neuromuscular function. The gluteal compartment is unique, however, because of its tremendous muscle mass and great potential for producing devastating systemic sequelae. Gluteal compartment syndrome is most commonly associated with unconscious patients who are recumbent for prolonged periods, but trauma, spontaneous bleeding, and overexertion can also cause it. We present a case report of gluteal compartment syndrome after bone marrow biopsy of the iliac crest. Recognizing gluteal compartment syndrome as an entity and maintaining a high index of suspicion for its development especially in unconscious patients can avert disaster regardless of etiology.


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