Energy Savings and Balanced Exploitation of All Energy Resources as an Integral Part for Achieving Sustainable Development

Bronka, Artis; Zvirbule-Berzina, Andra
October 2012
Economic Science for Rural Development Conference Proceedings;2012, Issue 29, p14
Academic Journal
In the history of human evolution, the acquisition and exploitation of energy resources can be relatively divided into two periods: from the beginnings of mankind to the Industrial Revolution, when on a global scale, the extraction processes of necessary energy was dominated by renewable energy resources; and from the Industrial Revolution to nowadays, when the extraction processes of the energy required by society are dominated by fossil fuels. It has to be pointed out that the intensive use of fossil fuels over many decades has been one of the main reasons, why the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere reached so high level during the 1970s that many of the local environmental issues became regional and even global issues. This created a threat on the safety of humanity's development and welfare in the future, which, in turn, was one of the main reasons behind the formation of a sustainable development concept. The idea of global sustainable development or the "essential requirement" can be interpreted as providing a mutual harmony in the relationship between the society and the environment, economy and ecology, and technology and nature. To provide the necessary environmental quality (to limit the expulsion of anthropogenic in the atmosphere), the idea of sustainable development concept is directed at the rational and balanced exploitation of all available energy resources and their preservation.


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