Emigration and its Impact on The State Economics

Ciuleviciene, Vida
April 2012
Economic Science for Rural Development Conference Proceedings;2012, Issue 27, p49
Academic Journal
The article analyses the emigration of Lithuanian citizens in the period of 2001-2010 and its impact on the state economics. Lithuania has the highest scope of emigration in the EU and there is an increasing tendency. More than 330 thousand citizens have emigrated during the period analysed. Therefore, the aim of the article is to analyse the scope of emigration and to evaluate its impact on the state economics. The results of the research show that mostly young and qualified people of the age 20-34 have emigrated during the period analysed. Both positive and negative aspects of emigration shall be mentioned. Remittances to people in Lithuania are increasing as well as their share of GDP, the number of the unemployed and the level of unemployment have decreased thereto. However, the total number of citizens and labour force has also decreased significantly. One can also indicate a significant tendency of ageing, an increasing load of the dependent, decreasing contributions to the social security fund, and a growing deficit of this fund. Share of the personal income tax and profit tax in the national budget has decreased thereof.


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