TITLE

Burns with Multiple Trauma

AUTHOR(S)
Brandt, Christopher P.; Yowler, Charles J.; Fratianne, Richard B.
PUB. DATE
March 2002
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Mar2002, Vol. 68 Issue 3, p240
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, mechanisms, and outcomes of management in patients with multisystem trauma and associated burn injury. A retrospective review was performed of patients admitted with combined burns and trauma from 1990 through 1999. Mechanism of injury, extent of burns, associated injuries, Injury Severity Score (ISS), and patient outcomes were identified. There were 2,845 burn and 19,418 trauma admissions. Fifty-six patients (2.0% and 0.29% respectively) had combined burns and trauma. Mean ISS was 21.7 and average percentage total body surface area was 16.2. Associated injuries included fractures in 32, complex soft-tissue injury in 20, head injury in 11, and abdominal trauma in seven. Mechanism of injury was industrial in 19, motor vehicle accident in 16, house fire in 13, high voltage in six, and other in three. Skin grafting was required in 33 of 56 patients (59%). Six of 56 patients died. Mean ISS was 19.0 in survivors compared with 46.2 in nonsurvivors. The combination of burns with multiple system trauma is uncommon. Fractures are the most frequent associated injury, and the majority of patients will require skin grafting in their burn treatment. Outcomes with appropriate management are favorable and are primarily dependent on the degree of associated trauma.
ACCESSION #
7740963

 

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