Inhibition of Pim-1 Kinase Ameliorates Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Colitis in Mice

Shen, Yue-Ming; Zhao, Yan; Zeng, Ya; Yan, Lu; Chen, Bo-Lin; Leng, Ai-Min; Mu, Yi-Bin; Zhang, Gui-Ying
July 2012
Digestive Diseases & Sciences;Jul2012, Vol. 57 Issue 7, p1822
Academic Journal
Background: Pim-1 kinase is involved in the control of cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. Recent evidence suggests that Pim kinases play a role in immune regulation and inflammation. However, the role of Pim-1 kinase in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) remains unclear. Aims: The aims of this study were to explore the role of Pim-1 kinase in the pathology of IBD and to assess whether inhibiting Pim-1 kinase may be of therapeutic benefit as a treatment regimen for IBD. Methods: Colitic mouse model was established by the induction of dextran sodium sulfate. The expression of Pim-1 in the colonic samples of control and colitic mice was examined. Furthermore, the mice were treated with Pim-1inhibitor (PIM-Inh), then the body weight and colon inflammation were evaluated, and the production of cytokines including IFN-γ, IL-4, TGF-β and IL-17 in colon tissues was determined by ELISA. The expression of T cell master transcription factors T-bet, ROR-γt, GATA-3 and Foxp3 and Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and inducible nitric oxide synthase in colon tissues was detected by real-time PCR and western blot. Finally, the effect of LPS on Pim-1 expression and the effects of PIM-Inh on LPS-induced upregualtion of p65 and TNF-α in RAW264.7 cells were examined by real-time PCR and western blot. Results: Pim-1 expression was correlated with the degree of mucosal inflammation in vivo, and it was significantly induced by LPS in vitro. PIM-Inh had protective effects on acute colitis in vivo. Mechanistically, PIM-Inh reduced the proinflammatory immune response through the inhibition of the overactivation of macrophages and the down-regulation of excessive Th1- and Th17-type immune responses. Furthermore, PIM-Inh could skew T cell differentiation towards a Treg phenotype. Conclusions: Pim-1 kinase is involved in mucosal injury/inflammation and Pim-1 kinase inhibitor may provide a novel therapeutic approach for IBD.


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