Panuyaas' Ãraaras Uumkun YÃ©eshiipsha
- Chapter 5: CULTURAL ORGANIZATION. // Karuk, The Upriver People;1991, p70
This section examines the cultural organization of the Karuk Indians in California. The only social division within the Karuk community was the family, while its only political division was the village. Leadership was exercised by men of wealth, on the basis of the prestige such wealth conferred...
- Karok. // California Indians;1999, p19
Provides facts about the traditional way of life, population and language of Karok, one of the early California Indian groups that settled in the state's northwestern region.
- BIBLIOGRAPHY. // Karuk, The Upriver People;1991, p137
Presents a list of information resources about the Karuk Indians in California.
- HÃ´oy TivÃ¢arum---Where Are You Going? Cramblit, Andre P. // News from Native California;Summer2003, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p20
Presents an article about experiences as a Karuk tribal member and in providing advice for tribal members on how to achieve success in their field of interest. Distinctive cultural norm that all tribes shared; Goals after graduation from college; Opportunities in store for tribal members.
- Preface. // Karuk, The Upriver People;1991, preceding p7
This section presents the preface of the book Karuk: The Upriver People. Points considered in the book include: the discoveries made by archaeologists about the prehistoric world of the Karuk and the middle course of the Klamath River in California which they inhabit; the Karuk's lifestyle and...
- big times/little times. Hogeland, Kim // News from Native California;Summer2008, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p35
This article briefly presents news items relevant to Native Americans from California. The death of Yurok tribal elder Aileen Figueroa is noted. The receipt of a U.S. Surgeon General Champion's Award by Native American Health Center of Oakland, California is described. Grants from the U.S....
- Chapter 1: INTRODUCING THE KARUK-ARARA. // Karuk, The Upriver People;1991, p7
This section provides information on the origins of the Karuk-arara Indian tribe in California. The Karuk-arara secured their homes and villages along the middle course of the Klamath River. Separate Indian groups bordered the Karuk on all sides. Despite linguistic differences, the most closely...
- Chapter 2: GEOGRAPHY. // Karuk, The Upriver People;1991, p14
This section describes the geography of the Klamath River in California. The Klamath River was so vital to the Karuk Indians that it served as the basis for their spatial orientation. The four cardinal directions were: yuruk, or downriver, karuk , or upriver, maruk, meaning away from the river...
- Chapter 7: HISTORY. // Karuk, The Upriver People;1991, p111
This section focuses on the historical background of the Karuk Indians in California. Immigrants and miners began to crowd the region after the discovery of gold in 1848. The miners did not come onto the middle course of the Klamath River until 1850 because of its remote location. The Karuk...