TITLE

Spectroscopy and nuclear dynamics of tetracene–rare-gas heteroclusters

AUTHOR(S)
Ben-Horin, Narda; Even, Uzi; Jortner, Joshua; Leutwyler, Samuel
PUB. DATE
October 1992
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;10/15/1992, Vol. 97 Issue 8, p5296
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this paper we report on the electronic spectroscopy of mass-resolved tetracene·Arn (n=1–26) and tetracene·Krn (n=1–14) heteroclusters, utilizing two-photon, two-color near-threshold ionization in conjunction with mass-spectrometric detection. The spectra of the S0 → S1 transition and the ionization threshold of these heteroclusters were monitored. The structured spectral features of the S0 → S1 transition of small- and medium-sized (n=1–8) heteroclusters were attributed to the electronic origins of structural isomers and to their intermolecular vibrations. The S0 → S1 spectra of large (n≥9) heteroclusters are broad and were assigned to inhomogeneous broadening due to the coexistence of isomers, with the spectral feature(s) of each distinct isomer being homogeneously broadened. Isomer-specific inhomogeneous line broadening was interrogated by the observation of isomer-specific ionization potentials for medium-sized (n=6–7) heteroclusters and of the dependence of the relative intensities of the spectral features on the conditions of the supersonic expansion. The ionization thresholds of the tetracene·An (A=Ar,Kr) reveal a linear (or superlinear) n dependence, being qualitatively different from the sublinear n dependence of the spectral shifts. These different patterns of the size dependence can be traced to the different intermolecular interactions which govern excitation and ionization and to the difference in the charge distribution in S0 and in the positive ion. The experimental spectroscopic data for the spectral shifts and the spectral linewidths were simulated in terms of the first and second moments of the classical line shape, which were obtained from Monte Carlo (MC) constant temperature simulations, in conjunction with a two-parameter fit of the excited-state tetracene–rare-gas potential. The Monte Carlo simulations of the structural fluctuation parameters identified...
ACCESSION #
7646246

 

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