The quantum dynamics of hydrogen and deuterium on the Pd(111) surface: A path integral transition state theory study

Rick, Steven W.; Lynch, D. L.; Doll, J. D.
November 1993
Journal of Chemical Physics;11/15/1993, Vol. 99 Issue 10, p8183
Academic Journal
The surface diffusion constant for hydrogen and deuterium on the palladium(111) surface is calculated using quantum mechanical transition state theory. The rate constants for diffusion into the subsurface layer are also calculated. Quantum effects are seen to be most important for the surface/subsurface transition and cause an inverse isotope effect in which the rate for deuterium is greater than the rate for hydrogen. The results of ground and excited state wave function calculations show localized hydrogenic states, despite large zero point energies, and that the preferred binding site can vary with isotope between surface and subsurface sites. In addition, estimates of the tunneling rate between the surface and subsurface are in qualitative agreement with the low temperature transition state results.


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