Dielectric relaxation in water-tert-butanol mixtures. The water rich region

Fioretto, D.; Marini, A.; Massarotti, M.; Onori, G.; Palmieri, L.; Santucci, A.; Socino, G.
November 1993
Journal of Chemical Physics;11/15/1993, Vol. 99 Issue 10, p8115
Academic Journal
Measurements of dielectric relaxation in water-tert-butanol mixtures have been performed by means of a frequency domain coaxial technique in the range 0.03–3 GHz, at 5 °C and for an alcohol mole fraction X ranging from 0 to 0.1. Experimental data give evidence for two relaxation processes whose relative amplitude and relaxation time depend on alcohol concentration. A two state model involving hydration and bulk water mutually exchanging at a finite rate is used to interpret dielectric data in the water rich region (X<0.02). An anomalous behavior, evidenced at X*≊0.045, is interpreted as the occurrence of a self-aggregation process involving part of the alcohol molecules in the solution.


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