TITLE

Dilute solution behavior of cyclic and linear polyelectrolytes

AUTHOR(S)
Hodgson, Donald F.; Amis, Eric J.
PUB. DATE
November 1991
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;11/15/1991, Vol. 95 Issue 10, p7653
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Viscosities and diffusion coefficients of dilute solutions of molecular weight matched cyclic and liner poly(2-vinyl pyridine) samples with molecular weights ranging from 2.8×104 to 1.0×105 have been measured under conditions where the polymer can be charged by protonation. Limiting conditions of high charge density and full electrostatic screening with high acid concentration solutions show expected normal polymer behavior in extrapolations to the intrinsic viscosity and infinite dilution diffusion coefficients. By employing weakly acidic solvents, large reduced viscosities, typical of polyelectrolytes in low salt solutions are observed. A pronounced maximum in reduced viscosity occurs at a concentration which is independent of molecular weight and topology. Values of the reduced viscosity are lower for the cyclic samples over all concentrations investigated. Independent pH titrations are used to calculate polyion charge density and electrostatic screening lengths. Possible origins of the viscosity maxima are explored.
ACCESSION #
7644758

 

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