Interactions between Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) and leopard ( Panthera pardus): implications for their conservation

Bhattarai, Bishnu; Kindlmann, Pavel
July 2012
Biodiversity & Conservation;Jul2012, Vol. 21 Issue 8, p2075
Academic Journal
Bengal tiger and common leopard belong to endangered species in Nepal and elsewhere. They share their prey species, thus one affects prey availability of the other, which may contribute to decline in numbers of these carnivores. However, data on these interactions are very rare. We studied diet composition of tiger and leopard in Chitwan (Nepal), by analysing remnants of prey in scats of these two species and comparing abundance of prey species in scats with prey abundance recorded along line transects. We found that tiger prefers medium-sized (30-175 kg) prey, while leopard prefers small-sized (5-30 kg) prey, but also often eats medium-sized prey. Domestic animals (especially small ones) are more often eaten by leopard, compared with tiger. Consequently, these two predators compete mainly for medium-sized prey, but leopard relies more on small prey and domestic animals than tiger. We found that prey preferences of tiger and leopard also depend on the degree of habitat disturbance. Predators killed domestic animals in areas where there was a low density of wild prey. The conflict between humans and carnivores is the most important challenge threatening the conservation of carnivores, which depend on the abundance of different-sized prey and little human disturbance. Hence, restoring large populations of prey and reducing the level of human disturbance are the key measures necessary for the effective conservation of tiger and leopard.


Related Articles

  • A leopard's ways prove adaptable to modern haunts Myers, Norman // Smithsonian;May1982, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p73 

    No abstract available.

  • Chiricahua Leopard Frog Inches Towards Recovery. Rorabaugh, Jim; Kreutzian, Melissa; Sredl, Mike; Painter, Charlie; Aguilar, Roberto; Bravo, Juan Carlos; Kruse, Carter // Endangered Species Bulletin;Mar2008, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p11 

    The article discusses the condition and development of the Chiricahua Leopard Recovery Plan (CLRP), a project intended for preservation and recovery of chiricuhua leopard frog in the U.S. It provides information about the frog, geographical places mostly be found and the speculated causes of the...

  • Chiricahua Leopard Frog Inches Towards Recovery. Rorabaugh, Jim; Kreutzian, Melissa; Sredl, Mike; Painter, Charlie; Aguilar, Roberto; Bravo, Juan Carlos; Kruse, Carter // Endangered Species Update;2008, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p10 

    The article focuses on the recovery program for the threatened Chiricahua leopard frog, also known as Lithobates chiricahuensis, in the U.S. It states that the recovery is the most vital part of endangered species conservation. However, funding and staff resources are needed to overcome years of...

  • Mapping attack hotspots to mitigate human-carnivore conflict: approaches and applications of spatial predation risk modeling. Miller, Jennifer // Biodiversity & Conservation;Nov2015, Vol. 24 Issue 12, p2887 

    A major challenge in carnivore conservation worldwide is identifying priority human-carnivore conflict sites where mitigation efforts would be most effective. Spatial predation risk modeling recently emerged as a tool for predicting and mapping hotspots of livestock depredation using locations...

  • Georgian leopard reappears after 50 years. Ball, Mike; Amodeo, Christian // Geographical (Campion Interactive Publishing);Nov2004, Vol. 76 Issue 11, p8 

    Reports on the reappearance of a Caucasus leopard in the Republic of Georgia in 2004. Launch of a project to search for the animal by the Noah's Ark Centre for the Recovery of Endangered Species (NACRES); Equipment used to photograph the leopard; Number of surviving Caucasus leopards according...

  • Tools for the Edge: What's New for Conserving Carnivores. Shivik, John A. // BioScience;Mar2006, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p253 

    The loss of large carnivores at the edges of parks, preserves, and human habitations threatens the conservation of many species. Thus, effective predation management is a conservation issue, and tools to mitigate conflicts between humans and predators are required, Both disruptive-stimulus...

  • Testing the Prey-Trap Hypothesis at Two Wildlife Conservancies in Kenya. Dupuis-Desormeaux, Marc; Davidson, Zeke; Mwololo, Mary; Kisio, Edwin; Taylor, Sam; MacDonald, Suzanne E. // PLoS ONE;10/21/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 10, p1 

    Protecting an endangered and highly poached species can conflict with providing an open and ecologically connected landscape for coexisting species. In Kenya, about half of the black rhino (Diceros bicornis) live in electrically fenced private conservancies. Purpose-built fence-gaps permit some...

  • Nepal Begins Bengal Tiger Census, India to Match. SHARMA, GOPAL // News India Times;2/15/2013, Vol. 44 Issue 7, p20 

    The article discusses the campaign for counting the number of endangered tigers in Nepal that started in February 5, 2013 which is considered essential for strategy for doubling the Royal Bengal tigers' number in Nepal.

  • Survey on abundance of carnivores and their prey in Kalesar NP and WLS in Haryana, India. Sarkar, P.; Sharma, A. A.; Hazarika, A. K.; Chaudhry, S. // Clarion: International Multidisciplinary Journal;Feb2013, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p41 

    A survey was conducted to find out the status of carnivores and their prey in Kaleswar National Park (30018? to 30027? North latitude and 770 25? to 770 35? East longitude) and Wildlife Sanctuary (300 16? to 30028? North latitude and between 77020? to 770 37? East longitude) in Haryana, India. A...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics