Adiabatic rotation of effective spin. I. New insight into spin-rotational interaction

Steiner, Ulrich E.; Serebrennikov, Yuri A.
May 1994
Journal of Chemical Physics;5/15/1994, Vol. 100 Issue 10, p7503
Academic Journal
The effect of electron spin-rotational (SR) interaction in species with an effective spin Seff=1/2 is treated for molecular rotations representing an adiabatic perturbation to the electronic system. Based on the adiabatic rotation of effective spin (ARES) concept as well as on the transformation of the Hamiltonian to the rotating molecular frame a useful expression is obtained for the effective spin-Hamiltonian of SR interaction whereby the spin-rotational tensor is represented in terms of a tensor γ (relating L+S to Seff) instead of the g tensor (related to L+geS). This relation is valid for rotating systems with arbitrary strength of spin–orbit coupling (SOC). An example is provided to demonstrate the dependence of the γ tensor on the SOC parameter. It is shown that only in the case of weak SOC, the traditional representation of the SR Hamiltonian, is equivalent to the more general ARES Hamiltonian. Furthermore, a direct relation between the ARES and the geometrical (topological phase) approach to the problem is pointed out. The ARES spin-Hamiltonian can be represented in terms of a U(2) non-Abelian gauge potential.


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