Ion pairing effects in poly(propylene glycol)–salt complexes as a function of molecular weight and temperature: A Raman scattering study using NaCF3SO3 and LiClO4

Schantz, S.; Torell, L. M.; Stevens, J. R.
May 1991
Journal of Chemical Physics;5/15/1991, Vol. 94 Issue 10, p6862
Academic Journal
The symmetric stretch modes for the anions in poly(propylene glycol) (PPG) complexed with NaCF3SO3 and LiClO4 at an ether oxygen of alkali metal cation ratio of 16:1 have been studied as a function of the molecular weight of PPG and temperature using Raman spectroscopy. The splitting of these modes has been analyzed in terms of ‘‘free’’ anions and ion pairs. We have observed that the number of ion pairs increases with increasing molecular weight and increasing temperature. The effect is greater in the PPG–NaCF3SO3 complex than in the PPG–LiClO4 complex. We have found a simple exponential relationship for the number of free anions in a master-plot representation using a shift factor T* which increases with increasing molecular weight. These results are discussed in terms of the entropy and energetics of polymer–salt systems.


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