Plucking a hydrogen bond: A near infrared study of all four intermolecular modes in (DF)2

Davis, Scott; Anderson, David T.; Nesbitt, David J.
October 1996
Journal of Chemical Physics;10/22/1996, Vol. 105 Issue 16, p6645
Academic Journal
The near ir combination band spectra of supersonically cooled (DF)2 in the 2900 to 3300 cm-1 region have been recorded with a high resolution slit jet spectrometer. Twelve vibration–rotation–tunneling (VRT) bands are observed, representing each of the four intermolecular modes (van der Waals stretch ν4, geared bend ν5, out-of-plane torsion ν6, and antigeared bend ν3) built as combination bands on either the ν1 (free) or ν2 (bound) DF stretches. Analysis of the rotationally resolved spectra provide spectroscopic constants, intermolecular frequencies, tunneling splittings, and predissociation rates as a function of both intra- and intermolecular excitation. The intermolecular frequencies demonstrate a small but systematic dependence on intramolecular mode, which is exploited to yield frequency predictions relevant to far-ir studies, as well as facilitate direct comparison with full 6-D quantum calculations on trial potential surfaces. The tunneling splittings demonstrate a much stronger dependence upon intermolecular mode, increasing by as much as an order of magnitude for geared bend excitation. Conversely, high resolution line shape analysis reveals that vibrational predissociation broadening is only modestly affected by intermolecular excitation, and instead exhibits mode specific behavior controlled predominantly by intramolecular excitation. Detailed H/D isotopic vibrational shifts are obtained by comparison with previous combination band studies of all four intermolecular modes in (HF)2. In contrast to the strong state mixing previously observed for (HF)2, the van der Waals stretch and geared bend degrees of freedom are largely decoupled in (DF)2, due to isotopically ‘‘detuning’’ of resonances between bend–stretch intermolecular vibrations. Four-dimensional quantum calculations of the (HF)2 and (DF)2 eigenfunctions indicate that the isotopic dependence of this bend–stretch...


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