TITLE

A complete active space valence bond (CASVB) method

AUTHOR(S)
Hirao, Kimihiko; Nakano, Haruyuki; Nakayama, Kenichi; Dupuis, Michel
PUB. DATE
November 1996
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;11/22/1996, Vol. 105 Issue 20, p9227
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A complete active space valence bond (CASVB) method is proposed which is particularly adapted to chemical interpretation. A CASVB wave function can be obtained simply by transforming a canonical CASSCF function and readily interpreted in terms of the well known classical VB resonance structures. The method is applied to the ground and excited states of benzene, butadiene, and the ground state of methane. The CASVB affords a clear view of the wave functions for the various states. The electronic excitation is represented in a VB picture as rearrangements of the spin couplings or as charge transfers which involve breaking covalent bonds and forming new ionic bonds. The former gives rise to covalent excited states and the latter to ionic excited states. The physical reasons why it is so difficult to describe the ionic excited states at the CASSCF level with a single active space and why the lowest 1 1B+2 state in cis-butadiene is so stabilized compared to the corresponding 1 1B+u state in the trans isomer are easily identified in view of a VB picture. The CASVB forms a useful bridge from molecular orbital theory to the familiar concepts of chemists. © 1996 American Institute of Physics.
ACCESSION #
7639839

 

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