A more sensitive platform for the detection of low-abundance BRAF mutations

Jiang, Weiqin; Wang, Weibin; Fu, FangFang; Teng, Xiaodong; Wang, Haohao; Wang, Haiyong; Teng, Lisong
July 2012
Molecular & Cellular Biochemistry;Jul2012, Vol. 366 Issue 1/2, p49
Academic Journal
Identifying low-abundance mutations is important for the therapy and diagnose of cancer. Since the potential for tumor heterogeneity, the efficient detection of cancer-relevant mutations largely depends on the sensitivity of the methods employed. To confirm whether the mutation detection platforms affect the perceived prevalence of the BRAF and its correlation with clinicopathologic features in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC), we compared Sanger Sequencing (SS), Pyrosequencing (PS), and a newly built allele-specific real-time PCR (AS-qPCR) apparatus for the detection of BRAF in a Chinese cohort of conventional variant PTC. Accurate plasmid standards were built to assess the limit of detection of the three platforms. In this research, AS-qPCR has been found both the most sensitive and reliable at detecting mutation. The mutations detected by AS-qPCR which were not detected by SS or PS due to low abundance were confirmed by mutation enrichment platform COLD-PCR followed by SS. When analyzed by AS-qPCR, BRAF was associated with a more aggressive phenotype. Our results indicate that the reported prevalence of the BRAF mutations in PTC has been underestimated and more sensitive methods such as AS-qPCR should be applied in clinical settings.


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