Sciatic nerve tumor and tumor-like lesions-uncommon pathologies

Wadhwa, Vibhor; Thakkar, Rashmi; Maragakis, Nicholas; Höke, Ahmet; Sumner, Charlotte; Lloyd, Thomas; Carrino, John; Belzberg, Allan; Chhabra, Avneesh
July 2012
Skeletal Radiology;Jul2012, Vol. 41 Issue 7, p763
Academic Journal
Sciatic nerve mass-like enlargement caused by peripheral nerve sheath tumors or neurocutaneous syndromes such as neurofibromatosis or schwannomatosis has been widely reported. Other causes of enlargement, such as from perineuroma, fibromatosis, neurolymphoma, amyloidosis, endometriosis, intraneural ganglion cyst, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy are relatively rare. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an excellent non-invasive tool for the evaluation of such lesions. In this article, the authors discuss normal anatomy of the sciatic nerve and MRI findings of the above-mentioned lesions.


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