TITLE

Identification of Risk Factors for Esophagojejunal Anastomotic Leakage after Gastric Surgery

AUTHOR(S)
Deguchi, Yasunori; Fukagawa, Takeo; Morita, Shinji; Ohashi, Masaki; Saka, Makoto; Katai, Hitoshi
PUB. DATE
July 2012
SOURCE
World Journal of Surgery;Jul2012, Vol. 36 Issue 7, p1617
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Despite the development of the surgical technique and improvements in perioperative management, anastomotic leakage still occurs at esophagojejunal anastomoses after total or proximal gastrectomy. Anastomotic leakage is one of the major complications of concern, chiefly because it can lead to death. The objective of the present study was to identify the risk factors for esophagojejunal anastomotic leakage. Methods: The study was based on retrospective analysis of the data of a total of 1,640 consecutive patients who underwent total, proximal, or completion gastrectomy, including esophagojejunal anastomosis, between 1999 and 2008. Results: Thirty-five patients (2.1 %) developed anastomotic leakage. Univariate analysis revealed patient age, pulmonary insufficiency, lymph node dissection, combined resection of other organs, omental resection, operative time, blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion, and postoperative creatinine level were the significant factors influencing anastomotic leakage. Multivariate analysis identified pulmonary insufficiency and the duration of the operation as the predictors of anastomotic leakage. Conclusions: To avoid leakage, surgeons should take care in creating the anastomosis in gastrectomy patients, particularly in cases of poor pulmonary function or when the procedure requires a longer operation.
ACCESSION #
76350198

 

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