TITLE

On the ab initio determination of higher-order force constants at nonstationary reference geometries

AUTHOR(S)
Allen, Wesley D.; Császár, Attila G.
PUB. DATE
February 1993
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;2/15/1993, Vol. 98 Issue 4, p2983
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Several complementary analyses have been performed in an investigation of the use of reference geometric structures which are not stationary at a given level of theory in the prediction of improved equilibrium anharmonic molecular force fields. Diatomic paradigms for the procedure were established by constructing empirical potential energy functions for the nitrogen and fluorine molecules which not only reproduce the available Rydberg–Klein–Rees data but also provide reliable derivatives through fourth order for ranges of 0.4 Å or greater around the equilibrium bond distance. For comparison, analogous curves were determined at the double-ζ plus polarization (DZP) restricted Hartree–Fock (RHF) level of theory, and the quartic force fields for N2 and F2 were also obtained at the experimental re structures using a (8s5p3d2f1g) basis set and the coupled-cluster singles and doubles method augmented by a perturbative contribution from connected triple excitations [CCSD(T)]. The results substantiate the ability of RHF theory to predict correlation-quality, higher-order force constants if an accurate reference geometry from experiment or a higher level of theory is employed. The theoretical foundations of this technique as applied to polyatomic molecular systems have been systematically explored. Mechanisms were analyzed which address the nonzero force dilemma by using various choices of internal coordinates to shift the equilibrium point of theoretical potential energy surfaces. Examples are presented in which the variations in predicted spectroscopic constants arising from different shift coordinate sets are non-negligible. A Cartesian projection scheme for higher-order force fields was developed and implemented to avert internal-coordinate dependences; formulas for higher-order projection matrices and higher-order derivatives of the external variables of a molecular system were concurrently derived. A formalism for the transformation...
ACCESSION #
7631038

 

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