High-resolution infrared diode laser spectroscopy of (CO2)3: Vibrationally averaged structures, resonant dipole vibrational shifts, and tests of CO2–CO2 pair potentials

Weida, Miles J.; Sperhac, Jeanette M.; Nesbitt, David J.
November 1995
Journal of Chemical Physics;11/8/1995, Vol. 103 Issue 18, p7685
Academic Journal
High-resolution infrared spectra of (CO2)3 formed in a slit jet supersonic expansion are obtained via direct absorption of a tunable diode laser in the ν3 asymmetric stretch region of CO2. Over 100 distinct transitions are recorded in the trimer spectrum, which can be modeled as a perpendicular band of a planar symmetric top with C3h symmetry and no observable tunneling splittings. Results from the spectroscopic fit indicate that the complex is vibrationally averaged planar, with a carbon–carbon atom separation of RCC=4.0376(2) Å. An analysis of the vibrational blue shift for (CO2)3 of 2.5755(2) cm-1 via a resonant dipole–dipole interaction model yields an angular orientation for each CO2 axis of β=33.8(5)° away from a line tangent to the vertex and parallel to the opposite side of the equilateral triangle connecting the centers of mass of each CO2 monomer. Several model CO2–CO2 interaction potentials are tested against the vibrationally averaged structural parameters for (CO2)3. In particular, the potential of Murthy et al. [Mol. Phys. 50, 531 (1983)] reproduces RCC for the complex, but similar to all potentials tested, does not accurately predict the angular orientation β of the monomers within the trimer. Lastly, spectral evidence and model predictions suggest that there is an asymmetric top isomer of the trimer that is energetically comparable to the observed cyclic isomer. © 1995 American Institute of Physics.


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