Microwave spectrum, large-amplitude motions, and ab initio calculations for N2O5

Grabow, J.-U.; Andrews, A. M.; Fraser, G. T.; Irikura, K. K.; Suenram, R. D.; Lovas, F. J.; Lafferty, W. J.; Domenech, J. L.
November 1996
Journal of Chemical Physics;11/1/1996, Vol. 105 Issue 17, p7249
Academic Journal
The rotational spectrum of dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) has been investigated between 8 to 25 GHz at a rotational temperature of ∼2.5 K using a pulsed-molecular-beam Fourier-transform microwave spectrometer. Two weak b-dipole spectra are observed for two internal-rotor states of the molecule, with each spectrum poorly characterized by an asymmetric-rotor Hamiltonian. The observation of only b-type transitions is consistent with the earlier electron-diffraction results of McClelland et al. [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 105, 3789 (1983)] which give a C2 symmetry molecule with the b inertial axis coincident with the C2 axis. Analysis of the 14N nuclear hyperfine structure demonstrates that the two nitrogen nuclei occupy either structurally equivalent positions or are interchanging inequivalent structural positions via tunneling or internal rotation at a rate larger than ∼1 MHz. For the two internal rotor states, rotational levels with Ka+Kc even have IN=0, 2, while levels with Ka+Kc odd have IN=1, where IN is the resultant nitrogen nuclear spin. This observation establishes that the equilibrium configuration of the molecule has a twofold axis of symmetry. Guided by ab initio and dynamical calculations which show a planar configuration is energetically unfavorable, we assign the spectrum to the symmetric and antisymmetric tunneling states of a C2 symmetry N2O5 with internal rotation tunneling of the two NO2 groups via a geared rotation about their respective C2 axes. Because of the Bose–Einstein statistics of the spin-zero oxygen nuclei, which require that the rotational–vibrational–tunneling wave functions be symmetric for interchange of the O nuclei, only four of the ten vibrational-rotational-tunneling states of the molecule have nonzero statistical weights. Model dynamical calculations suggest that the internal-rotation potential is significantly more isotropic than implied by the electron-diffraction analysis. © 1996 American...


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