Thermodiffusion in polymer solutions as observed by forced Rayleigh scattering

Köhler, W.
January 1993
Journal of Chemical Physics;1/1/1993, Vol. 98 Issue 1, p660
Academic Journal
Thermodiffusion, the cross coupling between temperature and concentration, is studied in dilute polymer solutions by forced Rayleigh light scattering. First a spatial temperature grating is created within the solution by absorption of an optical interference grating and subsequently a concentration grating builds up. The time-dependent diffraction efficiency of both gratings is described by a phenomenological model from which the thermal diffusivity, the ordinary diffusion coefficient, and the thermodiffusion coefficient are obtained without the need for absolute intensity measurements or calibration with a known standard. No labeling of the polymer chains with photochromic dyes is required. Experimental details and potential pitfalls are discussed. Measurements are carried out on polystyrene in ethyl acetate and the obtained values compare well with data taken from the literature.


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