Structure and dynamics of Cl-(H2O)20 clusters: The effect of the polarizability and the charge of the ion

Perera, Lalith; Berkowitz, Max L.
June 1992
Journal of Chemical Physics;6/1/1992, Vol. 96 Issue 11, p8288
Academic Journal
The effect of the polarizability and the sign of the ionic charge were studied in Cl-(H2O)20 clusters using molecular dynamics computer simulation technique. From our simulations we concluded that the reduction in the ionic polarizability did not significantly change the structure and dynamics of the Cl-(H2O)20 cluster, but the inversion of the sign of the ionic charge produced a large effect. The energetic considerations helped us to understand why Cl- is located on the surface of the cluster. By being on the surface the anion permits the creation of the hydrogen bonded network between water molecules and that lowers the total energy of the cluster. Simulations with the inverted sign of the ionic charge correspond to that with a hypothetical ‘‘Cl+ ’’ ion which is similar in size and polarizability to a Cs+ ion. The dynamical structures and the quenched structures of Cl+(H2O)20 clusters are compared with the idealized structure of the Cs+(H2O)20 cluster proposed recently [A. Selinger and A. W. Castleman, Jr., J. Phys. Chem. 95, 8442 (1991)].


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