The Role of Education to Reconstruct the War Affected Areas in 21st Century Militaries

Kgosana, Makatipe Charles
February 2012
Sociology Study;Feb2012, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p139
Academic Journal
Peacekeeping missions are increasingly becoming the main focus of military organisations. In contrast with Cold War era, countries are no longer expecting an all out conventional conflict between countries. The contemporary conflicts are often civil strives with the militaries expected to assist to end them. The tasks extend beyond the traditional military roles of separating warring parties to assisting in reconstruction of the war-torn areas. These tasks place a tremendous demand of the skills possessed by soldiers. To be effective and make meaningful contributions, soldiers are expected to assist in tasks such as negotiations, construction, building roads and bridges. Furthermore, they are also needed to provide traditional security, assist in the initial process of managing government projects and providing essential services such as medical assistance and providing teachers. These additional roles place education at a centre-stage. It becomes necessary for educational offerings to be broadened beyond military-related modules to include other fields such as governance, public development and finance. This shift is necessitated by the realisation that the premature withdrawal of the military and handing over to civilian authorities has more deleterious effects. Furthermore, the inability of stability to be retained in a country threatens not only the security of the country at war but the region and international stability are also at stake.


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