TITLE

Effects of different water-saving irrigation modes on chestnut growth and fruiting in drought hilly land

AUTHOR(S)
TIAN Shou-le; SHEN Guang-ning; XU Lin; SUN Xiao-li
PUB. DATE
March 2012
SOURCE
Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao;Mar2012, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p639
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Taking the chestnut trees in a semi-arid and semi-humid hilly orchard of Tai'an, Shandong Province of East China as test objects, a field experiment was conducted to study the effects of different water-saving irrigation modes (pottery jar storing water, small hole storing water, and border irrigation with covering) on the soil moisture characteristics and the growth, fruiting, and development of chestnut roots. Comparing with the control (border irrigation), all the three water-saving irrigation modes could prolong the period of soil keeping moist, and the best effect came from pottery jar treatment, with the soil keeping moist for 32 days, 13 days longer than the control. Under water-saving irrigations, the bearing branches length and number, leaf area and mass, and shoot mixed buds all increased obviously. Both pottery jar storing water and small hole storing water could irrigate deeper roots and induce root growth in deeper soil layers, and thus, relieve the drought stress on superficial roots. The three water-saving irrigation modes could increase chestnut yield markedly, with an increment of 18. 8%, 16. 5%, and 14. 2%, respectively, as compared with the control.
ACCESSION #
76115122

 

Related Articles

  • SOILS TOO DRY FOR TELONE. Abel, Charles // Farmers Weekly;10/17/2003, Vol. 139 Issue 16, p55 

    Discusses the importance of checking the dryness of soil before applying Telone pesticide. Percentage of field capacity that growers must irrigate if fields are dry after irrigated cereals; Recommended soil temperature for an effective Telone application.

  • Exploring thermal imaging variables for the detection of stress responses in grapevine under different irrigation regimes. Grant, Olga M.; Tronina, Ł ukasz; Jones, Hamlyn G.; Chaves, M. Manuela // Journal of Experimental Botany;Mar2007, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p815 

    Temperatures of leaves or canopies can be used as indicators of stomatal closure in response to soil water deficit. In 2 years of field experiments with grapevines (Vitis vinifera L., cvs Castelão and Aragonês), it was found that thermal imaging can distinguish between irrigated and...

  • Dry matter, harvest index, grain yield and water use efficiency as affected by water supply in winter wheat. Xiying Zhang; Suying Chen; Hongyong Sun; Dong Pei; Yanmei Wang // Irrigation Science;Jan2009, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p1 

    Food production and water use are closely linked processes and, as competition for water intensifies, water must be used more efficiently in food production worldwide. A field experiment with wither wheat ( Triticum Aestivum L.), involving six irrigation treatments (from rain-fed to 5 irrigation...

  • Water integration by plants root under non-uniform soil salinity. Homaee, Mehdi; Schmidhalter, Urs // Irrigation Science;Jan2009, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p83 

    Soil salinity over root zone usually demonstrates temporal and spatial variations. By changing irrigation management practices it is possible to change both the frequency of salinity fluctuations and its distribution over the root zone. The objective of this study was to experimentally...

  • Competitive sorption of intermixed heavy metals in water repellent soil in Southern Australia. Li, P.; Stagnitti, F.; Xiong, X. // Environmental Geology;Apr2007, Vol. 52 Issue 4, p685 

    In water repellent soil, Cr, Pb and Cu showed higher adsorption intensities than Zn, Cd and Ni did. Soil water repellency is much more widespread than formerly thought. In order to promote fertility and productivity, the irrigation of recycled water onto water repellent soil may be an applied...

  • Spatial Distribution of Water and Nutrients in Root Zone under Surface and Subsurface Drip Irrigation and Cantaloupe Yield. Badr, M. A. // World Journal of Agricultural Sciences;Nov2007, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p747 

    Drip irrigation has the potential of precisely applying water and nutrients both in amount and in location at a rate which matches the plant requirements. While high field-wide uniformities are possible under drip irrigation, the distribution of both water and nutrients around the drip line is...

  • Irrigation products.  // Landscape Trades;Mar2010, Vol. 32 Issue 2, p34 

    The article evaluates several irrigation products including the Rain Bird SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor kit from Vanden Bussche Irrigation, the HRZ 100 3 in 1 Drip Zone Valve from Hydro-Rain, and the Toro Precision Series Spray Nozzle from Turf Care Products.

  • Extra water needed in late season.  // Delta Farm Press;1/10/2014, Vol. 71 Issue 2, pIE6 

    The article focuses on monitoring soil moisture and need of extra water in late season.

  • Slow down to catch up in moisture. Steiert, Jim // Wisconsin Agriculturist;Nov2011, Vol. 242 Issue 11, pIE10 

    The article the insights of David Sloane of AquaSpy Inc., on monitoring soil moisture as part of strategic irrigation management.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics