TITLE

Compositional characteristics and roles of soil mineral substances in depressions between hills in karst region

AUTHOR(S)
HAN Mei-rong; SONG Tong-qing; PENG Wan-xia; HUANG Guo-qin; DU Hu; LU Shi-yang; SHI Wei-wei
PUB. DATE
March 2012
SOURCE
Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao;Mar2012, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p685
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Based on the investigation and analysis of seven soil mineral substance variables, nine vegetation factors, four topographical factors, and ten soil physicochemical factors in the 200 x40 m dynamic monitoring plots in farmland, forest plantation, secondary forest, and primary forest in the depressions between hills in karst region, and by using traditional statistical analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), and canonical correlation analysis (CCA), this paper studied the compositional characteristics and roles of soil mineral substances as well as the coupling relation- ships between the mineral substances and the vegetation, topography, and other soil properties. In the depressions, soil mineral substances were mainly composed of SiO2, Al2O3, K2O, and Fe2O3, whose contents were obviously lower than the mean background values of the soils in the world and in the zonal red soils at the same latitudes. The soil CaO and MgO contents were at medium level, while the soil MnO content was very low. The composition of soil mineral substances and their varia- tion degrees varied with the ecosystems, and the soil development degree also varied. There was a positive correlation between vegetation origin and soil origin, suggesting the potential risk of rock desertification. Due to the high landscape heterogeneity of the four ecosystems, PCA didn't show good effect in lowering dimension. In all of the four ecosystems, soil mineral substances were the main affecting factors, and had very close relationships with vegetation, topography, and other soil properties. Especially for SiO2, CaO, and MnO, they mainly affected the vegetation species diver- sity and the soil organic matter, total nitrogen, and total potassium. This study indicated that soil mineral substances were the one of the factors limiting the soil fertility and vegetation growth in the depressions between hills in karst region. To effectively use the soil mineral resources and rationally apply mineral nutrients would have significances in the restoration and reconstruction of karst degraded ecosystems.
ACCESSION #
76115119

 

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