Effects of intensive agricultural production on farmland soil carbon and nitrogen contents and their δ13 C and δ15 N isotope abundances

YANG Guang-rong; HAO Xiying; LI Chun.li; WANG Zi.lin; LI Yong-mei
March 2012
Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao;Mar2012, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p751
Academic Journal
Farm land soil carbon and nitrogen contents under intensive agricultural production are the important indices for the assessment of the soil fertility sustainability. This paper measured the soil pH, electrical conductivity (EC), organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), and δ13C and δ15 N isotope abundances of four types of farmland, i. e. , conventional rice-broad bean rotation field, open vegetable field, 3-year plastic covered greenhouse field, and >10-year plastic covered greenhouse field, aimed to understand the effects of intensive agricultural production degree on soil properties. In the open vegetable field, 3-year plastic covered greenhouse field, and >10-year plastic covered green- house field, the soil (0-20 cm) pH decreased by 1. 1, 0. 8, and 0. 7, and the soil EC was 4.2, 4.9, and 5.2 folds of that in conventional rice-broad bean rotation field, respectively. With the in- creasing year of plastic covered greenhouse production, the soil SOC and TN contents decreased after an initial increase. Comparing with those under rice-broad bean rotation, the SOC content in 0-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80 and 80-100 cm soil layers in >10-year plastic covered greenhouse decreased by 54%, 46%, 60%, 63%, and 59%, and the TN content decreased by 53%, 53%, 71%, 82%, and 85%, respectively. Intensive agricultural production degree had significant effects on the soil SOC and TN contents and δ13C and δ15N abundances. The δ13C abundance was significantly negatively correlated with the soil SOC, suggesting that the soil δ13C abundance could be regarded as an index for the assessment of carbon cycle in farmland soils under effects of human activities.


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