Phenotype variations in Lafora progressive myoclonus epilepsy: possible involvement of genetic modifiers?

Singh, Shweta; Ganesh, Subramaniam
May 2012
Journal of Human Genetics;May2012, Vol. 57 Issue 5, p283
Academic Journal
Lafora progressive myoclonus epilepsy, also known as Lafora disease (LD), is the most severe and fatal form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy with its typical onset during the late childhood or early adolescence. LD is characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures and progressive decline in intellectual function. LD can be caused by defects in any of the two known genes and the clinical features of these two genetic groups are almost identical. The past one decade has witnessed considerable success in identifying the LD genes, their mutations, the cellular functions of gene products and on molecular basis of LD. Here, we briefly review the current literature on the phenotype variations, on possible presence of genetic modifiers, and candidate modifiers as targets for therapeutic interventions in LD.


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