Anonymity and Ambivalence: The Canadian and American Oil Industries and the Emergence of Continental Oil

Chastko, Paul
June 2012
Journal of American History;Jun2012, Vol. 99 Issue 1, p166
Academic Journal
The article examines Canada's emergence from dependence on U.S. oil in the mid-20th century. It indicates that, as of June 2012, Canada had been the largest supplier of crude oil to the U.S. since 2000 and that the U.S. imported nearly 98 percent of daily Canadian oil exports. The article states that informal, laissez-faire, ambivalent ties and ad hoc political policies characterized U.S. and Canadian petroleum development during the 20th century prior to the formalization of economic relations with the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement in 1988 and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994.


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