TITLE

Cross-Sectional but Not Longitudinal Association Between n-3 Fatty Acid Intake and Depressive Symptoms: Results From the SU.VI.MAX 2 Study

AUTHOR(S)
Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle; Touvier, Mathilde; Andreeva, Valentina A.; Jeandel, Claude; Ferry, Monique; Hercberg, Serge; Galan, Pilar
PUB. DATE
May 2012
SOURCE
American Journal of Epidemiology;May2012, Vol. 175 Issue 10, p979
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Findings regarding the association between n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status and depression are conflicting. Thus, the authors studied associations between PUFA intake and depressive symptoms. In 1996, depressive symptoms were assessed in a subsample of participants from the Supplementation with Antioxidant Vitamins and Minerals (SU.VI.MAX) Study using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). In 2007–2009, information on CES-D score, history of depression, and use of antidepressant medication was obtained. Intakes of n-3 PUFAs were estimated from repeated 24-hour dietary records collected during 1994–1996. Subjects with depressive symptoms (cases) were identified using CES-D scores greater than 15 and/or antidepressant use. Logistic regression analyses were used. Cross-sectional (n = 2,744) and longitudinal (n = 1,235) associations between quartiles of PUFA intake and depressive symptoms were estimated. In cross-sectional analyses, quartile of n-3 PUFA intake was associated with lower odds of depressive symptoms (fourth quartile vs. first: odds ratio = 0.74, 95% confidence interval: 0.58, 0.95; P for trend = 0.001). No association between PUFA intake and incidence of depressive symptoms over 13 years was detected. This study provides new insights into the PUFA-depression link. While no association between n-3 PUFA intake and incidence of depressive symptoms was detected, an association was observed in cross-sectional analyses, which may reflect unhealthy dietary patterns among subjects with depressive symptoms.
ACCESSION #
75699065

 

Related Articles

  • Vitamin D Supplementation and Depression in the Women’s Health Initiative Calcium and Vitamin D Trial. Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R.; Powers, Sally I.; Spangler, Leslie; Larson, Joseph; Michael, Yvonne L.; Millen, Amy E.; Bueche, Maria N.; Salmoirago-Blotcher, Elena; Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia; Brunner, Robert L.; Ockene, Ira; Ockene, Judith K.; Liu, Simin; Manson, JoAnn E. // American Journal of Epidemiology;Jul2012, Vol. 176 Issue 1, p1 

    While observational studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency increases risk of depression, few clinical trials have tested whether vitamin D supplementation affects the occurrence of depression symptoms. The authors evaluated the impact of daily supplementation with 400 IU of vitamin D3...

  • Body Mass Index, Blood Pressure, and Risk of Depression in the Elderly: A Marginal Structural Model. Godin, Ophélia; Elbejjani, Martine; Kaufman, Jay S. // American Journal of Epidemiology;8/1/2012, Vol. 176 Issue 3, p204 

    The authors' objective was to investigate the associations of body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)2) and blood pressure with the risk of developing depression in a large sample of elderly French participants (aged ≥65 years) followed for 10 years (Dijon portion of the Three-City...

  • Relationships of leisure-time and non-leisure-time physical activity with depressive symptoms: a population-based study of Taiwanese older adults.  // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2012, Vol. 9, p28 

    The article presents the findings of a study conducted on examining the independent associations between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), non-leisure-time physical activity (NLTPA), and specific parameters of physical activity (frequency, duration and intensity) with depressive symptoms in...

  • Parental Psychological Distress During Pregnancy and Early Growth in Preschool Children: The Generation R Study. Guxens, Mònica; Tiemeier, Henning; Jansen, Pauline W.; Raat, Hein; Hofman, Albert; Sunyer, Jordi; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V. // American Journal of Epidemiology;Mar2013, Vol. 177 Issue 6, p538 

    This study separately assessed the associations of maternal and paternal psychological distress during pregnancy with early growth in preschool children. The study was based on data from a population-based cohort study involving 5,283 children and their parents (with data collected beginning in...

  • Medication Persistence of HIV-infected Drug Users on Directly Administered Antiretroviral Therapy. Ing, Eileen; Bae, Jason; Maru, Duncan; Altice, Frederick // AIDS & Behavior;Jan2013, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p113 

    Patient and regimen persistence in HIV-infected drug users are largely unknown. We evaluated patterns of medication non-persistence among HIV-infected drug users enrolled in a prospective, 6-month randomized controlled trial of directly administered antiretroviral therapy (DAART)....

  • On the Reciprocal Association Between Loneliness and Subjective Well-being. Vanderweele, Tyler J.; Hawkley, Louise C.; Cacioppo, John T. // American Journal of Epidemiology;Nov2012, Vol. 176 Issue 9, p777 

    Loneliness has been shown to longitudinally predict subjective well-being. The authors used data from a longitudinal population-based study (2002–2006) of non-Hispanic white, African-American, and nonblack Latino-American persons born between 1935 and 1952 and living in Cook County,...

  • The Impact of Changes in Job Strain and Its Components on the Risk of Depression. Smith, Peter M.; Bielecky, Amber // American Journal of Public Health;Feb2012, Vol. 102 Issue 2, p352 

    Objectives. We assessed the impact of changes in dimensions of the psychosocial work environment on risk of depression in a longitudinal cohort of Canadian workers who were free of depression when work conditions were initially reported. Methods. Using a sample (n=3735) from the Canadian...

  • Repeated Job Strain and the Risk of Depression: Longitudinal Analyses From the Whitehall II Study. Stansfeld, Stephen A.; Shipley, Martin J.; Head, Jenny; Fuhrer, Rebecca // American Journal of Public Health;Dec2012, Vol. 102 Issue 12, p2360 

    Objectives. We addressed whether repeated job strain and low work social support increase the risk of major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods. We used work characteristics from Karasek's Job Strain model, measured on 3 occasions over 10 years in a cohort of 7732 British civil servants, to...

  • Immigrant status, antenatal depressive symptoms, and frequency and source of violence: what's the relationship? Miszkurka, Malgorzata; Zunzunegui, Maria; Goulet, Lise // Archives of Women's Mental Health;Oct2012, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p387 

    This study describes the prevalence of violence during pregnancy and examines the association between the experience of violence since the beginning of pregnancy and the prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms while taking into account immigrant status. Cross-sectional study including 5,162...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics