TITLE

Hutchinson Study, Gold Standard or Spruce Goose: An Epistemological View of Prevention Research

AUTHOR(S)
Livingood, Jr., William C.; Woodhouse, Carolyn D.
PUB. DATE
June 2001
SOURCE
American Journal of Health Studies;2001, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p138
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Proponents of experimental research design consider it to be the only means for establishing cause and effect relationships, and therefore the optimal design for drawing conclusions. An editorial accompanying publication of the Hutchinson Smoking Prevention Project reinforced claims in the public press of the study being definitive, and the editorial acclaimed the Hutchinson study, a classic experimental research design project, as the gold standard of prevention research design. Limitations of experimental design, inherent in the Hutchinson study, are discussed within the context of epistemology, questioning the findings and suggesting the importance of designs that are more sensitive to complexity and context.
ACCESSION #
7557035

 

Related Articles

  • Cigarette smoking and cancer mortality risk in Japanese men and women-results from reanalysis of the six-prefecture cohort study data Hirayama, T.; Akiba, S. // Environmental Health Perspectives;Jul1990, Vol. 87, p19 

    No abstract available.

  • The question I dread most. Egan, Elisabeth // Self;Jun2008, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p50 

    The article presents a personal narrative on the difficulty of losing a father to cancer without having everyone asking, "Did he smoke?".

  • Living! A 5000 watt dose of preventative medicine. Older, Jules // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);3/16/1985, Vol. 290 Issue 6471, p842 

    Presents several activities sponsored by the Cancer Society in Great Britain. Theme of the activity; Ways of giving up smoking; Side effects of smoking. INSET: A sample of Living!.

  • Tobacco and the European common agricultural policy. Townsend, Joy // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);10/26/91, Vol. 303 Issue 6809, p1008 

    Focuses on the campaign of the European Commission to reduce cancer by reducing smoking. Amount spent for the program; Estimated number of smoking kills in various communities; Establishment of a common policy for growing tobacco.

  • Probiotics and Cancer. Brudnak, Mark A. // Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients;Jun2002, Issue 227, p62 

    Examines the etiology of cancer. Types of tumors; Influence of tobacco smoking in the likelihood of cancer; Risk factor of cancer.

  • Cancer incidence attributable to tobacco in Alberta, Canada, in 2012. Poirier, Abbey E.; Grundy, Anne; Khandwala, Farah; Tamminen, Sierra; Friedenreich, Christine M.; Brenner, Darren R. // CMAJ Open;Oct2016, Vol. 4 Issue 4, pE578 

    Background: Strong and consistent epidemiologic evidence shows that tobacco smoking causes cancers at various sites. The purpose of this study was to quantify the proportion and total number of site-specific cancers in Alberta attributable to tobacco exposure. Methods: The proportion of incident...

  • Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1973-1996, With a Special Section on Lung Cancer and Tobacco Smoking. Wingo, Phyllis A.; Ries, Lynn A. G.; Giovino, Gary A.; Miller, Daniel S.; Rosenberg, Harry M.; Shopland, Donald R.; Thun, Michael J.; Edwards, Brenda K. // JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute;04/21/99, Vol. 91 Issue 8, p675 

    Presents information the annual report on progress in cancer prevention and control in the United States. Section on lung cancer and tobacco smoking; Cancer incidence and mortality; Limitations of the data.

  • Cigarette, cigar and pipe smoking, passive smoke exposure, and risk of pancreatic cancer: a population-based study in the San Francisco Bay Area. Tranah, Gregory J; Holly, Elizabeth A; Wang, Furong; M^Bracci, Paige // BMC Cancer;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p138 

    Background: To examine the influence of cigarette, cigar and pipe smoking, cessation of cigarette smoking and passive smoke exposure on the risk of pancreatic cancer. Methods: Exposure data were collected during in-person interviews in a population-based case-control study of pancreatic cancer...

  • Smoking and Breast Cancer. Reynolds, Peggy // Journal of Mammary Gland Biology & Neoplasia;Mar2013, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p15 

    The potential role of smoking in breast cancer risk has been the subject of over 100 publications, numerous scientific reviews, and animated debate. Tobacco exposure is a well-established cause of lung cancer, and is thought to account for nearly one third of all cancer deaths. Tobacco smoke...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics