TITLE

Efficacy of Directional Preference Management for Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review

AUTHOR(S)
Surkitt, Luke D.; Ford, Jon J.; Hahne, Andrew J.; Pizzari, Tania; McMeeken, Joan M.
PUB. DATE
May 2012
SOURCE
Physical Therapy;May2012, Vol. 92 Issue 5, p652
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background. Providing specific treatment based on symptom response for people with low back pain (LBP) and a directional preference (DP) is a widely used treatment approach. The efficacy of treatment using the principles of directional preference management (DPM) for LBP is unclear. Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of treatment using the principles of DPM for people with LBP and a DP. Methods. Computer databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English up to January 2010. Only RCTs investigating DPM for people with LBP and a DP were included. Outcomes for pain, back specific function, and work participation were extracted. Results. Six RCTs were included in this review. Five were considered high quality. Clinical heterogeneity of the included trials prevented meta-analysis. GRADE quality assessment revealed mixed results; however, moderate evidence was identified that DPM was significantly more effective than a number of comparison treatments for pain, function, and work participation at short-term, intermediate-term, and longterm follow-ups. No trials found that DPM was significantly less effective than comparison treatments. Conclusions. Although this systematic review showed mixed results, some evidence was found supporting the effectiveness of DPM when applied to participants with a DP, particularly at short-term and intermediate-term follow-ups. Further high quality RCTs are warranted to evaluate the effect of DPM applied to people with LBP and a DP. INSET: The Bottom Line.
ACCESSION #
75495587

 

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