Production of Powerful Antioxidant Supplements via Solid-State Fermentation of Wheat

Zuofa Zhang; Guoying Lv; Huijuan Pan; Leifa Fan; Soccol, Carlos Ricardo; Pandey, Ashok
January 2012
Food Technology & Biotechnology;Jan-Mar2012, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p32
Academic Journal
The present study has been conducted to evaluate the antioxidant properties of fermented wheat (Triticum aestivum Linn.) extracted using acidified water, 70 % acetone and 70 % ethanol as compared to uninoculated control. Antioxidant activity, measured by the scavenging ability against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radicals and hydroxyl radicals, reducing power and ferrous ion chelating ability was more effective in fermented than unfermented wheat. Furthermore, the extraction yield, total phenolic, total flavonoid and free phenolic acid content were significantly enhanced in fermented wheat. Among the various extracts examined, the acetone extract of the fermented wheat had the highest content of antioxidant compounds (66.37 mg/g as gallic acid equivalent per mass of the extract for polyphenols and 32.27 mg/g as rutin equivalent per mass of flavonoid extract) and antioxidant activity with the lowest EC50 values. Thus, fermentation with Cordyceps militaris can be used as a tool to develop wheat as a health food or ingredient with multi-functional properties, which can be used in the food industry as a natural antioxidant.


Related Articles

  • Grapes. Jenkins, Robert // Nutritional Perspectives: Journal of the Council on Nutrition;Apr2012, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p18 

    The article discusses the nutritional content of grapes and discusses the history of the domestication of grapes. A discussion of the role that grapes may play in improving cardiovascular health, improving oral health, reducing cancer growth and preventing the development of Alzheimer's disease...

  • Excess Iron and Brain Degeneration: The Little-Known Link. Anderson, Kathleen // Life Extension;Mar2012, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p1 

    The article presents an overview of health risks, including degenerative diseases, heart attack and cancer, which have been linked to the excessive consumption of iron. A discussion of the results of research which was conducted by professor George Bartzokis of the University of California in...

  • WHAT'S GOOD FOR THE GOOSE. Yazdi, Puya // Nutraceutical Business & Technology;May/Jun2012, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p56 

    The article focuses on the significant growth of cognitive support supplements that contain flavonoids and polyphenols in the baby boomer market. It notes several studies that confirmed the role of flavonoids and its six subtypes as antioxidant that prevent oxidative stress. It also mentions the...

  • Effects of dietary supplementation of quercetin on performance, egg quality, cecal microflora populations, and antioxidant status in laying hens. Liu, H. N.; Liu, Y.; Hu, L. L.; Suo, Y. L.; Zhang, L.; Jin, F.; Feng, X. A.; Teng, N.; Li, Y. // Poultry Science;Feb2014, Vol. 93 Issue 2, p347 

    Plant polyphenols, especially flavonoids, are of great interest due to their wide range of biological activities. Quercetin, a ubiquitous flavonoid, is known to have antioxidant and antibacterial effects. In this study, we investigated the effect of quercetin on performance, egg quality, cecal...

  • Chemistry and Biochemistry of Dietary Polyphenols. Tsao, Rong // Nutrients;Dec2010, Vol. 2 Issue 12, p1231 

    Polyphenols are the biggest group of phytochemicals, and many of them have been found in plant-based foods. Polyphenol-rich diets have been linked to many health benefits. This paper is intended to review the chemistry and biochemistry of polyphenols as related to classification, extraction,...

  • Hypolipidemic and antioxidant properties of Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss:Fr) Karst used as a dietary supplement. Rubel, Rosália; Dalla Santa, Herta S.; Fernandes, Luiz Cláudio; Bonatto, Sandro J. R.; Bello, Sérgio; Figueiredo, Bonald C.; Lima Filho, José Hermenio C.; Santos, Cid Aimbiré; Soccol, Carlos Ricardo // World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology;May2011, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p1083 

    In this study, the hypolipidemic and antioxidant properties of Ganoderma lucidum CG 144 , a medicinal mushroom cultivated on wet wheat grains by solid-state fermentation, were investigated followed dietary supplementation. Basal chow was supplemented with 85, 50, or 10% of G . lucidum CG 144...

  • Antioxidant and DNA Damage Preventive Properties of Centella asiatica (L) Urb. Anand, T.; Mahadeva Naika; Phani, Kumar G.; Khanum, Farhath // Pharmacognosy Journal;11/28/2010, Vol. 2 Issue 17, p53 

    Centella asiatica (L.) (Apiaceae) is commonly known as Mandukaparni. It is distributed in South America and all around Asia. It is a well known medicinal plant in Ayurveda system of medicine being used for various ailments like inflammation, diarrhea, asthma, tuberculosis, depression, memory...

  • Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. Ex Spach fruit. Nivedhini, V.; Chandran, R.; Parimelazhagan, T. // International Food Research Journal;2014, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p1465 

    The study was undertaken to explore the nutritional and antioxidant property of Cucumis dipsaceus. The results revealed significant amount starch (1.07 mg/g), proteins (85.9 mg/g), essential aminoacids and some most important minerals like calcium (14820 ppm) and nitrogen (6300 ppm). The...

  • Structure—Activity Relationship of Polyphenols That Inhibit Fatty Acid Synthase. Bing-Hui Li; Xiao-Feng Ma; Yan Wang; Wei-Xi Tian // Journal of Biochemistry;Dec2005, Vol. 138 Issue 6, p679 

    Many flavone derivatives inhibit FAS, and their A and B rings play an important role, but is the C ring necessary for the inhibition of FAS? Here, using nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), with two phenyl rings connected by a four-carbon chain, as a representative, the structural basis for the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics