TITLE

A LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF WORKPLACE EMPOWERMENT ON STAFF NURSES' WORK SATISFACTION

AUTHOR(S)
LASCHINGER, HEATHER K. SPENCE; FINEGAN, JOAN; SHAMIAN, JUDITH; WILK, PIOTR
PUB. DATE
August 2002
SOURCE
Academy of Management Proceedings & Membership Directory;2002, pD1
SOURCE TYPE
Conference Proceeding
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A longitudinal design was used to test Kanter's (1977) work empowerment theory in a random sample of185 staff nurses. Kanter argues that work environments which provide access to information, support, resources, and opportunity to learn and develop are empowering and influence employee work attitudes and organizational effectiveness. A model linking changes in structural and psychological empowerment to changes in job satisfaction at two time periods was proposed to test these relationships over time. The Conditions of Work Effectiveness Questionnaire-II, Psychological Empowerment Scale and a global measure of job satisfaction were used. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed a good fit of the data to the hypothesized model. Changes in perceptions of structural empowerment had direct effects on changes in psychological empowerment (.38) and on changes in job satisfaction (.70). Changes in psychological empowerment did not directly affect changes in job satisfaction (-.08). That is, changes in nurses' perceived access to workplace empowerment structures across time affected changes in their feelings of psychological empowerment and job satisfaction over the same time frame. However, changes in psychological empowerment did not add further explanatory variance in job satisfaction beyond that explained by structural empowerment. Taken together with past cross-sectional research, these results suggest that fostering environments that enhance perceptions of empowerment can have enduring positive effects on organizational members across time.
ACCESSION #
7516663

 

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