TITLE

Prevalence patterns and predictors of alcohol use and abuse among secondary school students in southern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: demographic factors and the influence of parents and peers

AUTHOR(S)
Ghuman, S.; Meyer-Weitz, A.; Knight, S.
PUB. DATE
April 2012
SOURCE
South African Family Practice;Apr/May2012, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p132
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The prevalence and predictors of alcohol use and abuse among school students were investigated with the aim of gaining insight to guide prevention interventions. Method: A cross-sectional, self-administered survey pertaining to a one-month period was conducted among students in grades 11 and 12 in purposively selected schools with mixed-race groups. Frequencies and χ² analyses were conducted and forward stepwise, conditional entry logistic regression models were fitted to determine the significant demographic predictors and influence of peers and parents on students' alcohol use and binge drinking. Results: About 54% of students had used alcohol before, while 14.5% had had their first drink before the age of 13. In the relevant month, 41% used alcohol and 32% engaged in binge drinking. Students who were more likely to have used alcohol in the preceding month were older [odds ratio (OR) = 1.44, P = 0.006], male (OR = 2.1, P < 0.001), white (OR = 5.1, P < 0.001), had often seen their fathers drunk (OR = 1.9, P < 0.001) and had friends who frequently use alcohol (OR = 3.5, P < 0.001). Students who were more likely to report binge drinking in the preceding month were older (OR = 1.6, P < 0.001), male (OR = 2.4, P < 0.001), white (OR = 1.6, P = 0.048), had often seen their fathers (OR = 1.5, P = 0.001) and mothers (OR = 1.4, P = 0.05) drunk and had friends who frequently use alcohol (OR = 3.6, P < 0.001). Conclusion: The long-term consequences of hazardous drinking patterns initiated during adolescence may have negative effects on achievement in life, health and general well-being, and therefore these patterns are in need of urgent address. While older, white male students are at particular risk, the significant influence of peer and parental alcohol use is highlighted and should be considered when developing prevention interventions in schools.
ACCESSION #
75129465

 

Related Articles

  • Underage drinking on saturday nights, sociodemographic and environmental risk factors: a cross-sectional study.  // Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention & Policy;2011, Vol. 6, p15 

    The article presents a research study which examines social, demographic and environmental factors which may increase risk of Saturday night drinking and binge drinking among Italian school students. Under the study, 845 Italian underage school students were followed. Multivariate logistic...

  • Understanding the Antecedents of Korean High School Students' Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy: Parental Influence, Peer Influence, and Behavior. Su Ahn Jang; NamAuk Cho; Jina Yoo // Global Journal of Health Science;Jan2012, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p10 

    The current study examined the factors that influence Korean adolescents' drinking refusal self-efficacy, which is known to be associated with alcohol use and drinking intentions. Specifically, this study considered parental monitoring, parent-child communication satisfaction, peer influence,...

  • The social context of drunkenness in mid-adolescence. HEIMISDOTTIR, JORLAUG; VILHJALMSSON, RUNAR; KRISTJANSDOTTIR, GUDRUN; MEYROWITSCH, DAN WOLF // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health;May2010, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p291 

    Aims: The aim of the study was to assess sociodemographic, parental and peer predictors of self-reported drunkenness in mid-adolescence. Methods: The data were obtained from a national school survey covering a random half of all Icelandic 9th and 10th grade students (mean age 14.7 years). The...

  • Ohio U Reports Drop in High-Risk Drinking.  // Women in Higher Education (10608303);May2013, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p6 

    The article reports on the annual student surveys at the Ohio University which shows a decline in the percentage of students reporting high-risk binge drinking from 79% in 2007 to 63% in 2013.

  • Factors associated with reductions in alcohol use between high school and college: an analysis of data from the college Alcohol Study. Swann, Christopher A.; Sheran, Michelle; Phelps, Diana // Substance Abuse & Rehabilitation;2014, Vol. 5, p13 

    Background: The consumption of alcohol by college students is a significant public health concern, and a large amount of literature explores this issue. Much of the focus is on the prevalence and correlates of binge drinking. Relatively few studies explore reductions in drinking, and these...

  • Cultural Orientation and Its Associations with Alcohol Use by University Students in China. Wang, Shiyuan; Newman, Ian M.; Shell, Duane F. // PLoS ONE;11/2/2016, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p1 

    Cultural orientation is defined as an individual’s cultural preferences when encountering imported culture while still living in the native culture. Data was analyzed from 1305 Chinese university students attending universities in Beijing, Kunming, and Wuhan. Cultural orientation was...

  • Alcohol use and related harms in school students in the USA and Australia. TOUMBOUROU, JOHN W.; HEMPHILL, SHERYL A.; MCMORRIS, BARBARA J.; CATALANO, RICHARD F.; PATTON, GEORGE C. // Health Promotion International;Dec2009, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p373 

    Recognizing there have been few methodologically rigorous cross-national studies of youth alcohol and drug behaviour, state student samples were compared in Australia and the USA. Sampling methods were matched to recruit two independent, state-representative, cross-sectional samples of students...

  • Alcohol consumption among university students in Ireland and the United Kingdom from 2002 to 2014: a systematic review. Davoren, Martin P.; Demant, Jakob; Shiely, Frances; Perry, Ivan J. // BMC Public Health;2/19/2016, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Alcohol is a leading cause of global suffering. Europe reports the uppermost volume of alcohol consumption in the world, with Ireland and the United Kingdom reporting the highest levels of binge drinking and drunkenness. Levels of consumption are elevated among...

  • Effects of Videotaped Expectancy Challenges on Alcohol Consumption of Adjudicated Students. Keillor, Robin M.; Perkins, William B.; Horan, John J. // Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy;Fall1999, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p179 

    Research suggests that the manipulation of alcohol expectancies can produce short-term reduction of moderate to heavy alcohol consumption among college populations. The present study examined the utility of an expectancy-challenge intervention administered in a videotaped format. Thirty-three...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics