Tschopp, Kurt P.; Gottardo, Christine
September 2002
Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology;Sep2002, Vol. 111 Issue 9, p811
Academic Journal
In the present study, 3 types of electrodes for recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) monitoring are compared: 1) intralaryngeal surface electrodes attached to a conventional endotracheal tube, 2) monopolar needle electrodes placed on the vocal cords by direct laryngoscopy, and 3) bipolar needle electrodes inserted intraoperatively through the cricothyroid ligament. Data were collected from stimulation of 21 RLNs in 16 patients undergoing thyroid surgery. The reliability in terms of distinct electromyographic (EMG) potentials following stimulation of the RLN was 100% with monopolar and bipolar needle electrodes and 76% with intralaryngeal surface electrodes. The mean (±SD) amplitudes of the EMG potentials were 1.61 ± 1.6 mV, 2.37 ± 1.8 mV, and 0.35 ± 0.4 mV for the monopolar endolaryngeal, bipolar transligament, and intralaryngeal surface electrodes, respectively. The advantages and disadvantages of each type of electrode are discussed.


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