Percentile curves for skinfold thickness in 7- to 14-year-old children and adolescents from Jena, Germany

Kromeyer-Hauschild, K; Gläßer, N; Zellner, K
May 2012
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;May2012, Vol. 66 Issue 5, p613
Academic Journal
Objective:To present age- and sex-specific percentile curves for triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness, and to investigate long-term changes in skinfold thickness in children.Subjects/Methods:A cross-sectional study of children and adolescents was conducted in Jena/Germany in 2005/2006. The sample consisted of 2132 children (1018 girls and 1114 boys) aged 7-14 years and equated to the anthropometric characteristics of the German sample included in the reference values for body mass index (BMI). Height, weight and triceps and subscapular skinfold measurements were obtained using standardized methods. Smoothed percentile curves for triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness were derived by the LMS method. Data were compared with historical data of Jena schoolchildren from 1975.Results:In both sexes, skinfold thickness increased between 7 and 14 years of age in a sex-specific pattern, with generally higher median values for triceps and subscapular skinfold in girls than boys. A comparison with skinfold thickness measured in Jena schoolchildren three decades ago showed a significant increase in subcutaneous fat. The changes in the lower range (below the tenth percentile) of the distribution exceed those in the upper range (above the 90th percentile) for both triceps and subscapular skinfold in both sexes. Furthermore, this gain in subcutaneous fat mainly occurred in underweight and normal-weight subjects, whereas skinfold thickness remained nearly unchanged in overweight subjects.Conclusions:The up-to-date percentile curves for skinfold thickness provide a basis for monitoring of individuals and evaluation of long-term trends in German children and adolescents. The changes in skinfold thickness indicate an unfavourable increase in adiposity, as well as an unfavourable change in the relationship between BMI and body fat in children and adolescents over time.


Related Articles

  • Sensitivity and specificity of body mass index-based classification systems for overweight in children 7-10 years old. Biazzi Leal, Danielle; Ferreira da Costa, Filipe; Altenburg de Assis, Maria Alice // Brazilian Journal of Kineanthropometry & Human Performance;2013, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p267 

    The objective of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of BMI-based classification systems for detecting excess body fat in schoolchildren. A total of 2,795 schoolchildren aged 7 to 10 years were examined. Excess body fat was defined as the standardized residuals of sum of...

  • Waist circumference and central fatness of Egyptian primary-school children. Hassan, N. E.; El-Masry, S. A.; El-Sawaf, A. E. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;jul/aug2008, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p916 

    This cross-sectional study of 1283 healthy children (681 boys, 602 girls) aged 6-11 years tested the degree of correlation between waist circumference measurements and adiposity. The children were classified as normal, overweight or obese according to their body mass index (BMI). For both sexes...

  • ÍNDICE DE MASSA CORPORAL E DOBRAS CUTÂNEAS COMO INDICADORES DE OBESIDADE EM ESCOLARES DE 8 A 10 ANOS. Januário, Renata Selvatici Borges; do Nascimento, Matheus Amarante; Barazetti, Lilian Keila; Reichert, Felipe Fossati; Mantoan, João Paulo Buraneli; de Oliveira, Arli Ramos // Brazilian Journal of Kineanthropometry & Human Performance;2008, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p266 

    The article presents a study, which examined the body mass index (BMI) and skinfolds in schoolchildren aged 8 to 10 years as indicators of obesity. The article involved 100 girls and 100 boys, who are assessed through anthropometric variables. Results have shown that 21% of the boys and 15% of...

  • Anthropometric indicators of obesity in family doctors. Danojevic, Dusanka; Siljak, Sladjana; Stojisavljevic, Dragana // HealthMed;Dec2010, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p846 

    No abstract available.

  • Self-perception of being overweight in Serbia adults.  // HealthMed;2011, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p388 

    No abstract available.

  • Indicadores antropométricos de sobrepeso-obesidad en adolescentes.  // Revista Mexicana de Pediatria;nov/dic2010, Vol. 77 Issue 6, p241 

    No abstract available.

  • Anthropometric risk factors for elevated blood pressure in adolescents in Turkey aged 11—17. Mazicioglu, Mustafa; Yalcin, Bektas; Ozturk, Ahmet; Ustunbas, Hasan; Kurtoglu, Selim // Pediatric Nephrology;Nov2010, Vol. 25 Issue 11, p2327 

    To investigate the relationship between anthropometric parameters and elevated blood pressure in adolescents, we measured blood pressure (BP), height, weight, triceps skinfold (TSF) thickness, waist circumference (WC), and mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) in 2,860 student volunteers aged...

  • Relationship between Body Mass Indices and Measures of Body Adiposity. Revicki, Dennis A.; Israel, Richard G. // American Journal of Public Health;Aug1986, Vol. 76 Issue 8, p992 

    Abstract: We examined the relationship between various body mass indices (BMIs), skinfold measures, and laboratory measures of body fat in 474 males aged 20-70 years. Evaluations included height, weight, skinfold thickness, and hydrostatic measurements of adiposity. The weight-height ratio...

  • Relationship between body mass index and body composition in adolescents of Asian Indian origin and their peers. Antoine-Jonville, Sophie; Sinnapah, Stéphane; Hue, Olivier // European Journal of Public Health;Dec2012, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p887 

    The aim was to compare the relationship between body composition and body size in two subgroups with different metabolic risk. Body-mass index z-scores (BMIZ), bicipital, tricipital, subscapular and iliac thicknesses were determined in 178 India-originating Guadeloupian (IOG) adolescents and 481...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics