TITLE

Titanium Miniplate Osteosynthesis Of Mandibular Fractures

AUTHOR(S)
Kumar, Naresh; Malhan, Sunil; Mahajan, Sunil; Asi, Kanwarjit Singh; Kapoor, Vinod
PUB. DATE
March 2012
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Dental Sciences;Mar2012, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p39
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The purpose of the study is to see the efficacy of Titanium bone plates in the treatment of mandibular fractures. Ten patients were selected randomly who reported to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Punjab Government Dental College and Hospital, Amritsar. Titanium bone plates used were found to be bio - compatible, corrosive resistant, easily adaptable and versatile enough to be applied to any fracture site, giving excellent post operative results. Incidence of maxillofacial trauma has increased manifold with an increase in automobile accidents. Mandible being the mobile and exposed component of facial skeleton is highly susceptible to injury. The management of mandibular fractures is guided by certain basic dental and orthopaedic principles. These various principles are listed below: 1. Institutions of early specific treatment. 2. Three dimensional anatomic reduction of bone fragments. 3. Restoration of the premorbid occlusion. 4. Immobilisation of reduced and fixed unit until healing of fractured ends takes place. 5. Early, active and pain free mobilisation. 6. Prevention of infections, malunion or non-union of fracture. 7. Re-establishmant of Aesthetics. Different modes of treatment are used for the management of mandibular fractures. These are Maxillomandibular fixation, external pin fixation, lag screw fixation, intraosseous wiring, dynamic and excentric dynamic compression bone plates and screw systems, non- compression/ bicortical and more recently monocortical minibone plates and screw system. Monocortical plates and screws are much simpler and highly functional in their use. This concept devised and developed by Michelete- et al and Champy et al involves plates that are smaller in size, easily adaptable, versatile enough to be applied to any fractured site on account of variable shapes, offer stable fixation. The present study has been undertaken for clinical evaluation of management of fractured mandible by using titanium miniplates and screws in the patients reporting to department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Punjab Govt. Dental College &Hospital, Amritsar.
ACCESSION #
74649537

 

Related Articles

  • MAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA: Principles of Management of Mandibular Fractures. Chacon, Guillermo E.; Larsen, Peter E. // Peterson's Principles of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery;2004, Vol. 1, p401 

    Chapter 22 of the book "Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery" is presented. It stresses the importance of stability of fracture segments to proper hard and soft tissue healing in the injured area. It explains the two radiographic views necessary to evaluate the presence of a...

  • Steinmann pin.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p2199 

    A definition of the term "Steinmann pin," which refers to a metal rod used for internal fixation of the adjacent sections of a fractured bone, is presented.

  • Fashions and fractures. Lightowler, C.D.R. // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);12/7/1985, Vol. 291 Issue 6509, p1596 

    Focuses on the management of fractures by internal fixation in Great Britain. Reference to the conservative approaches in orthopedic surgery; Indications of internal fixation for fracture treatment; Use of functional cast bracing.

  • THREE DIMENSIONAL BONE PLATING SYSTEM IN THE MANAGEMENT OF MANDIBULAR FRACTURES-A CLINICAL STUDY. Gandi, Lakshmi; Kattimani, Vivekanand S. // Annals & Essences of Dentistry;Apr-Jun2012, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p104 

    Over the past many years, various bone plating systems have been developed to provide stable fixation for the mandible fractures were proposed and performed. The aim of the study was to evaluate efficacy of three dimensional (3-D)titanium mini plates in the management of mandibular fractures,...

  • Clinical observation of improved titanium miniplate internal fixation for mandibular fracture. DENG Wen-zheng; GUO Qing; QIU Wei-fang; HUANG Ru-xiang // Shanghai Journal of Stomatology;8/25/2008, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p444 

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the curative effect of titanium compression miniplate internal fixation and craniomaxillary elastic traction in single mandibular fracture. METHODS: 112 patients were treated by two methods respectively: improved titanium miniplate internal fixation and traditional titanium...

  • The application of intermaxillary traction titanium screw in complicated mandibular fracture. WANG Fan; WANG Hui-ming; YANG Qing-fu // Shanghai Journal of Stomatology;Oct2009, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p551 

    PURPOSE: To assess the clinical effect of intermaxillary traction titanium screw on complicated mandibular fracture. METHODS: Fifty cases of complicated mandibular fracture received ten intermaxillary traction titanium screws and conducted intermaxillary fixation before operation; then the...

  • Treatment of 37 cases with panfacial fracture. YING Kai; YANG Qing-fu; WANG Fan; ZHU Yong-wu // Shanghai Journal of Stomatology;Jun2011, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p328 

    PURPOSE: To report the treatment experience of panfacial fracture. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with panfacial fracture were treated with rigid internal fixation combined with intermaxillary or craniomaxillary traction. The fracture was repositioned in the order of "from fixed to mobile and...

  • Facial Trauma in Northwestern Ontario Part Two. Dowhos, William W.; Higashi, Shawn; Pynn, Bruce R. // Ontario Dentist;Nov2010, Vol. 87 Issue 9, p24 

    The article presents cases of accidental facial trauma that required combined oral and maxillofacial surgical and restorative care. The first case deals with the treatment of a dento-alveolar fracture where the teeth were re-positioned and splinted with the aid of intravenous sedation. The...

  • TREATMENT MODALITIES OF MANDIBULAR ANGLE FRACTURES. Subramanian, Prathusha; Nazar, Mohammad Nabeel // International Journal of Clinical Dentistry;2014, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p29 

    Mandibular angle fractures are treated with a wide range of treatment modalities from conservative management to wire and plate osteosynthesis. They present with high post-operative complication rates compared to other mandibular fractures and therefore the treatment options are still debatable....

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics