TITLE

Workplace Gender Bias: Not Just Between Strangers

AUTHOR(S)
Nadler, Joel T.; Stockdale, Margaret S.
PUB. DATE
June 2012
SOURCE
North American Journal of Psychology;2012, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p281
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The causes of the gender pay gap in the United States have received considerable attention. Researchers have suggested that market forces and individual choices explain most if not all differences between men's and women's pay and promotion differences (Anker, 1997). Although support for gender stereotyping has been found in experimental studies, the validity of such "stranger-to-stranger" studies has also been questioned. In the face of these criticisms we review the substantial inequalities between genders in the modern workplace and the evidence for stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. This paper focuses on gender; however, our analysis can easily be applied to other identity groups such as racial-ethnic minorities and older workers. We review statistics relevant to the current status of working women and men of the U.S. and then discuss plausible explanations for these disparities that do not involve stereotyping. Finally, concerns that cannot be so easily explained away are examined: sexual harassment and prejudice against agentic women. Gender bias between strangers is supported by research; however, workplace gender discrimination occurs in the context of individuating information. Research on gender bias needs to bridge the gaps between "stranger-to-stranger" gender bias, and real world discrimination to provide guidance on workplace interventions.
ACCESSION #
74620944

 

Related Articles

  • Gender Inequality in the Workforce: A Human Resource Management Quandary. Parcheta, Nicole; Kaifi, Belal A.; Khanfar, Nile M. // Journal of Business Studies Quarterly;Mar2013, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p240 

    Over the last 90 years women have battled to become equal with men in all aspects of life and work. Women have made enormous advances in education and career but equality in pay and promotions in the workplace still elude them. It is well documented, widely known and discussed that women earn...

  • The Business of Ethics. Lathrop, Wendy // American Surveyor;2013, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p48 

    In this article, the author reflects on the issue concerning ethics at workplace. She also professes the need of equal treatment of employees, same opportunities for challenging work and commensurable pay. She further mentions of women employees related to discrimination in wages, self-esteem,...

  • Mt letters. Darling, Adam; Lapthorn, Marcus; Cannings, Della; Thompson, Mark; Fisher, Mike; Aziz, Khalid; Ainger, Andrew // Management Today;Oct2005, p74 

    Presents several letters to the editor referencing the topics and the articles published in the previous issues of the journal "Management Today." Comments on the sex discrimination in employment; Remarks on the error in the article "A Lesser-Spotted Breed," which focused on the discrimination...

  • Women as Managers: Toward Second Generation Research. Larwood, Laurie; Lockheed, Marlaine // Sex Roles;Oct79, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p659 

    A review of women in management research indicates that most studies are concerned with theoretical issues and their implications. This article asserts that the current position of women in management is unstable and might be greatly assisted by an increase in action-oriented research. Such...

  • Was worker paid less because she was female?  // Legal Alert for Supervisors;9/7/2012, Vol. 8 Issue 176, p2 

    The article focuses on the decision of a jury on a case involving the low salary of a female employee due to her gender. It states that a female employee sued the company because she was paid less than her male-coworker even if her job is more demanding and she is in a higher position. It states...

  • The Effect of Gender Stereotype Activation on Entrepreneurial Intentions. Gupta, Vishal K.; Turban, Daniel B.; Bhawe, Nachiket M. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Sep2008, Vol. 93 Issue 5, p1053 

    In this study, the impact of implicit and explicit activation of gender stereotypes on men's and women's intentions to pursue a traditionally masculine career, such as entrepreneurship, was examined. On the basis of stereotype activation theory, it was hypothesized that men and women would...

  • Workplace gender stereotypes persist around the world. Craver, Jack // BenefitsPRO;1/24/20017, p1 

    Gender stereotypes are alive and well and play a role in perpetuating the persistent gender pay gap.

  • The Professional Status of Male and Female Academy of Management Members: A Comparison of Perceptions. Stead, Bette Ann; Mullins, Terry Wayne // Academy of Management Proceedings (00650668);1977, p413 

    Questionnaires were returned by 81 female and 90 male Academy of Management members. Females appear to perceive and experience a less favorable professional environment than males. The two groups are about the same age yet females have significantly lower salaries. There seemed to be no backlash...

  • Gender inequalities in academic rank. Goyder, John // Canadian Journal of Sociology;1992, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p333 

    As a setting for studying work world inequalities between men and women, academe is important. It is from the universities that much of the intellectual foundation for commitment to equality of economic opportunity between the sexes comes. Universities should therefore be exemplary in providing...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics