TITLE

Tnt1 retrotransposon tagging of STF in Medicago truncatula reveals tight coordination of metabolic, hormonal and developmental signals during leaf morphogenesis

AUTHOR(S)
Tadege, Million; Mysore, Kirankumar S.
PUB. DATE
November 2011
SOURCE
Mobile Genetic Elements (2159-2543);Nov/Dec2011, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p301
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Tnt1 (transposable element if Nicotiana tabaccum cell type 1) is one of the very few active LTR retrotransposons used for gene tagging in plants. In the model legume Medicago truncatula, Tnt1 has been effectively used as a gene knock-out tool to generate several very useful mutants. Stenofolia (stf ) is such a mutant identified by Tnt1 insertion in a WUSCHEL-like homeobox transcription factor. STF is required for blade outgrowth, leaf vascular patterning and female reproductive organ development in barrel medic and woodland tobacco. Using transcript profiling and metabolite analysis, we uncovered that mutant leaves are compromised in steady-state levels of multiple phytohormones, sugar metabolites and derivatives including flavonoids and polyamines. In the lam1 mutant (caused by deletion of the STF ortholog in Nicotiana sylvestris), while glucose, fructose, mannose, galactose, myo-inositol and aromatic aminoacids are dramatically reduced, sucrose is comparable to wildtype levels, and glutamine, proline, putrescine, nicotine and sorbitol are highly increased. We demonstrated that both stf and lam1 mutants accumulate reduced levels of free auxin and ABA in their leaves, and ectopic expression of STF in tobacco leads to auxin and cytokinin overproduction phenotypes including formation of tumors on the roots and crown. These data suggest that STF mediated integration of metabolic and hormonal signals are required for lateral organ morphogenesis and elaboration.
ACCESSION #
74619805

 

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