TITLE

Microsporidia Horizontal gene transfers in vicious parasites

AUTHOR(S)
Selman, Mohammed; Corradi, Nicolas
PUB. DATE
November 2011
SOURCE
Mobile Genetic Elements (2159-2543);Nov/Dec2011, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p251
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Microsporidia are obligate intracellular parasites whose genomes have been shaped by an extreme lifestyle. Specifically, their obligate intracellular parasitism has resulted in the loss of many genes and biochemical pathways, but these reductive processes have been often offset by the acquisition of several genes by means of horizontal gene transfer (HGT). Until recently, these HGTs were all found to have derived from prokaryotic donors, but a recent study suggests that some species took advantage of this mechanism to acquire one gene from an animal, which they maintained in their genome for metabolic purposes. The gene encodes for a purine nucleoside phosphorylase, and shows a strong phylogenetic signal of arthropod origin. Here, we briefly review our current knowledge of HGTs discovered across microsporidian genomes and discuss the implications of the most recent findings in this research area for understanding the origin and evolution of this highly adapted group of intracellular parasites. A novel gene potentially transferred by means of HGT to one microsporidia is also reported
ACCESSION #
74619796

 

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