TITLE

Poilsiautojų srauto sklaida Šventosios rekreacinėjezonoje

AUTHOR(S)
Eidikonienė, Jolita; Šilinskas, Gintautas
PUB. DATE
July 2011
SOURCE
Geografija;2011, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p117
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The continuously increasing flow of holidaymakers in the Å ventoji recreational zone and the impact this phenomenon has on the physical condition of the coastal territories are gaining special importance in the context of sustainable development. This study concerning the unequal distribution of the flow of holidaymakers on the beaches of the northern and southern parts of the Å ventoji recreational zone was carried out in the summers of 2008 and 2009. The investigation was implemented by three observers who simultaneously counted and recorded the numbers of holidaymakers in the locations listed above. The data collection procedure included the following elements: the counting of holidaymakers in two of the above-mentioned areas, I. e. the northern and southern parts of the Å ventoji recreational zone and started on the same day at the same time (one o'clock, which is the hour when the numbers of people on the beach reach their maximum); the numbers were recorded every hundred meters (the exact distance being measured by a GPS), and the collected numerical data were later converted into percentages. The study also included the mapping and recording of infrastructure elements in the recreation zones of the marine coast, as well as of the area behind the dunes (approaches to the sea, lifeguard stations, dressing-boxes, benches, garbage bins, litterbins, toilets, public catering facilities, parking lots, etc). This information was used for estimating the impact of recreational infrastructure on the dispersion of holidaymakers on the marine coast. The following conclusions were drawn from the analysis of the collected data: -- the size of each of the above-mentioned parts of the Å ventoji recreational zone, which determines the numbers of rest places (hotels, motels, resorts, etc), catering facilities, entertainment and cultural events, as well as the quality of services, is the main factor responsible for the unequal distribution of the flow of holidaymakers in different coastal areas. The study has indicated that 66% of all holidaymakers in the Å ventoji recreational zone concentrate on the beaches of the southern part of Å ventoji, which is three times more than in the northern part (with a 34% concentration of all holidaymakers); -- the largest clusters of holidaymakers occur near the main road accesses to the sea. These areas have greater numbers of parking lots, catering facilities, sanitary units, lifeguard stations and other objects. The recreational load further away from these territories is proportionally smaller; -- to attain a more even distribution of the flow of holidaymakers along the coastal areas of the Å ventoji recreational zone, changes are to be made in the existing infrastructure. More paved roads leading to the beach access (as well as new parking lots) need to be built, and the network of interconnecting trails between these roads should be expanded. Other necessary improvements include: building additional wooden walkways crossing the dune ridges, stairs, benches, new lifeguard stations, catering facilities, dress changing rooms, provision of more garbage bins and litterbins, etc. The above-mentioned improvements would lead to a more equal distribution of the flow of holidaymakers in the Å ventoji recreational zone without deteriorating the natural environment in separate coastal areas.
ACCESSION #
74564662

 

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