The Score For Allergic Rhinitis study in Turkey

Cingi, Cemal; Songu, Murat; Ural, Ahmet; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella; Erdogmus, Nagehan; Bal, Cengiz; Kahya, Volkan; Koc, Eltaf Ayca Ozbal; Cakir, Burak Omur; Selcuk, Adin; Ozlugedik, Samet; Onal, Kazim; Midilli, Rasit; Ecevit, Cenk; Pinar, Ercan; Akoglu, Ertap; Okuyucu, Semsettin; Erkan, Alper Nabi
September 2011
American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy;Sep/Oct2011, Vol. 25 Issue 5, p333
Academic Journal
Background: The clinical definition of allergic rhinitis (AR) is difficult to use in epidemiological settings of large populations where it is impossible to obtain the laboratory evidence of each immune response. However, the standardization of the definition of AR in epidemiological studies is of crucial importance. This study was designed to estimate the prevalence of AR in an adult general population with respect to seven distinct geographical regions in Turkey. Methods: Individuals were evaluated with the Score for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) questionnaire for a national cross-sectional study. The Turkish version of the SFAR questionnaire was tested for clarity and sensitivity in a small sample of the general population. Results: Among the 3967 interviewed subjects, the overall prevalence of AR was 29.6%, with regional variations (from 21.0% in the southeastern Anatolia region to 36.1% in the Marmara region). The prevalence was higher in women and in urban area of residence. Conclusion: This national survey confirmed the elevated prevalence of AR in Turkey. Our findings may contribute to the formulation of the public health policy and development of preventive and therapeutic strategies for AR in eastern Europe.


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