Central venous thrombosis and perioperative vascular access in adult intestinal transplantation†

Matsusaki, T.; Sakai, T.; Boucek, C. D.; Abu-Elmagd, K.; Martin, L. M.; Amesur, N.; Thaete, F. Leland; Hilmi, I. A.; Planinsic, R. M.; Aggarwal, S.
May 2012
BJA: The British Journal of Anaesthesia;May2012, Vol. 108 Issue 5, p776
Academic Journal
Background Venous access is crucial in intestinal transplantation, but a thrombosed venous system may prevent the use of central veins of the upper body. The incidence of venous thrombosis and the necessity to perform alternative vascular access (AVA) in intestinal transplant recipients have not been fully investigated. Methods Records of adult patients who underwent intestinal transplantation between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2009, were reviewed. Contrast venography was performed as pre-transplantation screening. Vascular accesses at the transplantation were categorized as I (percutaneous line via the upper body veins), II (percutaneous line via the lower body veins), and III (vascular accesses secured surgically, with interventional radiology, or using non-venous sites). Categories II and III were defined as AVA. Risk factors for central venous thrombosis and those for requiring AVA were analysed, respectively. Results Among 173 patients, central venous obstruction or stenosis (<50% of normal diameter) was found in 82% (141 patients). AVA was required in 4.6% (eight patients: four in each category II and III). Large-bore infusion lines were placed via the femoral arteries in all category III patients without complications. Existing inferior vena cava filter and hypercoagulable states were identified as the risk factors for the use of AVA, but not for central venous thrombosis. Outcomes of patients who underwent AVA were similar to those of patients without AVA. Conclusions The majority of adult patients undergoing intestinal transplantation had at least one central venous stenosis or obstruction. The recipient outcomes were comparable when either standard vascular access or AVA was used for transplantation.


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