Electrical and dye leakage comparison of three different root-end materials: A comparative in vitro study

Byakod, Praveen S.; Astagi, Preeti B.; Sakri, Mohan
January 2012
Indian Journal of Dental Education;Jan-Mar2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p13
Academic Journal
Indenatl treatment cases where there is a strong possibility of failure from non surgical treatment or failure has resulted from non surgical endodontic treatment or treatment is impossible or would not achieve a better result, or persistent presence of chronic inflammation at the root apex has hindered the better prognosis of the endodontic treatment, apicoectomy followed by retrograde filling is a well established procedure. Endodontic surgery usually consists of exposure of the involved apex, root resection, root end preparation and root-end filling. The ideal root-end filling material should be easy to manipulate, radiopaque, dimensionally stable, non-absorbable, and not affected by the presence of moisture or blood directly. It should also adhere to the preparation walls and seal the root canal system, be biocompatible, be non-toxic, well tolerated by the periapical tissues and promote healing[2]. Many materials have been suggested for root-end filling material including amalgam, reinforced zinc oxide eugenol, composite resin, gutta percha, zinc oxide eugenol, gold foil and glass ionomer cement. Dental amalgam is a successful material but not so popular, perhaps because of its marginal leakage and expansion on setting when used as a root-end material[3]. A new material, mineral trioxide aggregate, is found to be absolutely non cytotoxic whereas gallium alloy has displayed little cytotoxicity and ketac silver (a metal modified glass ionomer cement), super EBA and amalgam showed higher levels of toxicity, when used as root-end filling materials[4]. Hence, in this present study, we are going to evaluate the electrical and dye leakage tests of the most commonly used retrograde filling materials like mineral trioxide aggregate (Pro Root MTA-Dentsply), reinforced zinc oxide eugenol cement-super ethoxy benzoic acid cement (regular set, Harry Bosworth Co. Skokie,IL), and a metal modified glass ionomer cermet cement (Ketac Silver Applicap- 3M ESPE).


Related Articles

  • Estimated endodontic treatment need and perceived endodontic treatment performed after 1 year. Hülsmann, Michael; Hammerstein-Loxten, Heike // Endodontic Practice Today;2014, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p145 

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between estimated endodontic treatment need and perceived endodontic treatment after 1 year. Methodology: Panoramic radiographs and sensibility testing were taken from 536 patients at their first visit at all of 9 selected dental...

  • Periapical healing following combined non-surgical and surgical retreatments. Friedlander, Lara; Chandler, Nick; Love, Robert // Endodontic Practice Today;2011, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p27 

    This report describes the management of persistent apical periodontitis by combined non-surgical and surgical retreatments. The patient had a history of trauma to his four mandibular incisor teeth and presented pain, intermittent swelling and a draining sinus tract of 9 years duration. All of...

  • Influence of calcium hydroxide on the post-treatment pain in Endodontics: A systematic review. Anjaneyulu, K.; Nivedhitha, Malli Sureshbabu // Journal of Conservative Dentistry;May/Jun2014, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p200 

    Introduction: Pain of endodontic origin has been a major concern to the patients and the clinicians for many years. Post-operative pain is associated with inflammation in the periradicular tissues caused by irritants egressing from root canal during treatment. It has been suggested that calcium...

  • Does apical periodontitis have systemic consequences? The need for well-planned and carefully conducted clinical studies. van der Waal, S. V.; Lappin, D. F.; Crielaard, W. // British Dental Journal;5/8/2015, Vol. 218 Issue 9, p513 

    Apical periodontitis, infection of the root canal system, may have systemic consequences. This proposal has been brought forward many times in dentistry literature but the general consensus is that there is no scientific basis for an association between endodontic infections and general health....

  • Elective root canal treatment: A review and clinical update. Aly Ahmed, Hany Mohamed // Endodontic Practice Today;2014, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p139 

    Minimum intervention and retention of every part of the tooth structure is an imperative objective in contemporary endodontic practice. Nevertheless, elective (intentional) root canal treatment (RCT) of sound teeth with normal pulps may be necessary. This article aims to define the criteria for...

  • ENDOX ENDODONTIC SYSTEM. Jethani, Girish; Gulati, Nivedita // Guident;2011, Vol. 4 Issue 9, p32 

    Endox Endodontic System is an innovative concept in the field of endodontics as it is the electronic sterilization and devitalisation of the root canals by means of the application of high frequency alternating current (HFAC) that produces a temperature increase inside the root canal. This...

  • The use of the erbium yttrium aluminium garnet (2,940 nm) in a laser-assisted apicectomy procedure. Reyhanian, A.; Parker, S.; Moshonov, J. // British Dental Journal;9/27/2008, Vol. 205 Issue 6, p319 

    If conventional endodontic treatment is not possible or not successful, apical endodontic surgery may be indicated. New techniques, materials and technologies have been used to increase the already high success rate of root canal treatment. The purpose of this article is to describe the use of...

  • Cerrahi Olmayan Endodontik Tedavi ile Tip 2 Dens I� Rezorpsiyonun Tedavisi. ER, K�rsat; KAYIPMAZ, Saadettin; KUSG�Z, Adem // Turkiye Klinikleri. Dishekimligi Bilimleri Dergisi;2012, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p219 

    This case report describes the treatment of dens invaginatus type 2 and internal resorption using a non surgical endodontic treatment in a maxillary lateral incisor tooth. The root canal preparation was completed with hand files and thorough irrigation. Calcium hydroxide was placed as a...

  • Reparación ósea postratamiento de apicectomía y obturación retrodentaria. Broon, Norberto Juárez; Cabrera, José Gabriel Benítez; Velásquez, Joel Omar Reyes // Medicina Oral (16656024);2001, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p69 

    At present endodontic surgical procedures are a foreseeable part and in sometimes necessary in the endodontic services everywhere, Dr. Herbert Schilder stated that endodontic surgery has advanced enormously and that today it plays an important role in the censurably repetition of the endodontic...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics