TITLE

IMB2026791, a Xanthone, Stimulates Cholesterol Efflux by Increasing the Binding of Apolipoprotein A-I to ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter A1

AUTHOR(S)
Jikai Liu; Zhongbing Zhang; Yanni Xu; Tingting Feng; Wei Jiang; Zhuorong Li; Bin Hong; Zijian Xie; Shuyi Si
PUB. DATE
March 2012
SOURCE
Molecules;Mar2012, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p2833
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
It is known that the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays a major role in cholesterol homeostasis and high density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism. Several laboratories have demonstrated that ABCA1 binding to lipid-poor apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) will mediate the assembly of nascent HDL and cellular cholesterol efflux, which suggests a possible receptor-ligand interaction between ABCA1 and apoA-I. In this study, a cell-based-ELISA-like high-throughput screening (HTS) method was developed to identify the synthetic and natural compounds that can regulate binding activity of ABCA1 to apoA-I. The cell-based-ELISA-like high-throughput screen was conducted in a 96-well format using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably transfected with ABCA1 pIRE2-EGFP (Enhanced Green Fluorecence Protein) expression vector and the known ABCA1 inhibitor glibenclamide as the antagonist control. From 2,600 compounds, a xanthone compound (IMB 2026791) was selected using this HTS assay, and it was proved as an apoA-I binding agonist to ABCA1 by a flow cytometry assay and western blot analysis. The [³H] cholesterol efflux assay of IMB2026791 treated ABCA1-CHO cells and PMA induced THP-1 macrophages (human acute monocytic leukemia cell) further confirmed the compound as an accelerator of cholesterol efflux in a dose-dependent manner with an EC50 of 25.23 μM.
ACCESSION #
74209010

 

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