TITLE

The Effect of Intertalker Variations on Acoustic--Perceptual Mapping in Cantonese and Mandarin Tone Systems

AUTHOR(S)
Peng, Gang; Zhang, Caicai; Zheng, Hong-Ying; Minett, James W.; Wang, William S.-Y.
PUB. DATE
April 2012
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2012, Vol. 55 Issue 2, p579
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: This study investigates the impact of intertalker variations on the process of mapping acoustic variations on tone categories in two different tone languages. Method: Pitch stimuli manipulated from four voice ranges were presented in isolation through a blocked-talker design. Listeners were instructed to identify the stimuli that they heard as lexical tones in their native language. Results: Tone identification of Mandarin listeners exhibited relatively stable normalization regardless of the voice, whereas tone identification of Cantonese listeners was unstable and susceptible to the influence of intertalker variations. In the case of Cantonese listeners, intertalker variations had a larger effect on the perception of F[sub 0] height dimension than of F[sub 0] slope dimension. Conclusion: The comparison between Cantonese and Mandarin listeners' performances reveals an interaction of intertalker variations and the types of tone contrasts in each language. For Cantonese tones, which depend heavily on F[sub 0] height distinctions, intertalker variations result in F[sub 0] overlapping and, consequently, ambiguities among them in isolated tone perception. For Mandarin tones, which are distinctive in terms of their F[sub 0] contours, the differences in F[sub 0] contours alone seem sufficient to elicit reliable tone identification. Intertalker variations therefore have relatively limited effect on Mandarin tone perception.
ACCESSION #
74184881

 

Related Articles

  • RELATIVE POWER OF HARMONICS IN HUMAN FREQUENCY FOLLOWING RESPONSES ASSOCIATED WITH VOICE PITCH IN AMERICAN AND CHINESE ADULTS. FUH-CHERNG JENG; COSTILOW, CASSIE E.; STANGHERLIN, DANIELA P.; CHIA-DER LIN // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Aug2011, Vol. 113 Issue 1, p67 

    When the fundamental frequency ( Æ’0) is removed from a complex stimulus, the pitch of the Æ’0 is still perceived by the listener. Through the use of the scalp-recorded frequency-following response, this study examined the relative contributions of the Æ’0 and its harmonics in pitch...

  • Cues for Lexical Tone Perception in Children: Acoustic Correlates and Phonetic Context Effects. Xiuli Tong; McBride, Catherine; Burnham, Denis // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2014, Vol. 57 Issue 5, p1589 

    Purpose: The authors investigated the effects of acoustic cues (i.e., pitch height, pitch contour, and pitch onset and offset) and phonetic context cues (i.e., syllable onsets and rimes) on lexical tone perception in Cantonese-speaking children. Method: Eight minimum pairs of tonal contrasts...

  • INTERACTION OF PITCH AND DURATION PROCESSING BY NON-MUSICIANS IN READING MUSICAL NOTATION. HORNG-YIH LEE // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Feb2013, Vol. 116 Issue 1, p21 

    To study the relation of pitch and duration processing in reading musical notation, a Stroop-like task was used by 20 non-musicians. A probe display was presented before each target note. Participants were required to process the tonal and metric information of the probe and then to make a match...

  • Additive Effects of Lengthening on the Utterance-Final Word in Child-Directed Speech. Eon-Suk Ko; Soderstrom, Melanie; Oetting, Janna; Rvachew, Susan // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2013, Vol. 56 Issue 1, p364 

    Purpose: The authors investigated lengthening effects in child-directed speech (CDS) across the sentence, testing the additive effects on duration of Word Position, Register, Focus, and Sentence Mode (statement/question). Method: Five theater students produced 6 sentences containing 5...

  • Phonetic Modification of Vowel Space in Storybook Speech to Infants up to 2 Years of Age. Burnham, Evamarie B.; Wieland, Elizabeth A.; Kondaurova, Maria V.; McAuley, J. Devin; Bergeson, Tonya R.; Dilley, Laura C. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2015, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p241 

    Purpose: A large body of literature has indicated vowel space area expansion in infant-directed (ID) speech compared with adult-directed (AD) speech, which may promote language acquisition. The current study tested whether this expansion occurs in storybook speech read to infants at various...

  • Acoustic Correlates of Stress in Central Catalan and Castilian Spanish. Ortega-Llebaria, Marta; Prieto, Pilar // Language & Speech;03/01/2011, Vol. 54 Issue 1, p73 

    The general literature on the phonetic correlates of stress agrees that duration, and in stress accent languages, F0 are consistent correlates of stress. However, the role of amplitude changes in the speech signal is more controversial. In particular, the conflicting results of spectral tilt as...

  • Influence of Analogy Instruction for Pitch Variation on Perceptual Ratings of Other Speech Parameters. Tse, Andy C. Y.; Wong, Andus W.-K.; Ma, Estella P.-M.; Whitehill, Tara L.; Masters, Rich S. W.; Kreiman, Jody // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2013, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p906 

    Purpose: Analogy is the similarity of different concepts on which a comparison can be based. Recently, an analogy of ‘‘waves at sea’’ was shown to be effective in modulating fundamental frequency (F0) variation. Perceptions of intonation were not examined, as the...

  • List Equivalency of PRESTO for the Evaluation of Speech Recognition. Faulkner, Kathleen F.; Tamati, Terrin N.; Gilbert, Jaimie L.; Pisoni, David B. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Jun2015, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p582 

    Background: There is a pressing clinical need for the development of ecologically valid and robust assessment measures of speech recognition. Perceptually Robust English Sentence Test Open-set (PRESTO) is a new high-variability sentence recognition test that is sensitive to individual...

  • Listener Perception of Monopitch, Naturalness, and Intelligibility for Speakers With Parkinson's Disease. Anand, Supraja; Stepp, Cara E. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2015, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p1134 

    Purpose: Given the potential significance of speech naturalness to functional and social rehabilitation outcomes, the objective of this study was to examine the effect of listener perceptions of monopitch on speech naturalness and intelligibility in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD)....

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics