The history of mediterranean-type environments: climate, culture and landscape

Roberts, N.; Meadows, M.E.; Dodson, J.R.
November 2001
Holocene;Nov2001, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p631
Academic Journal
This editorial introduction highlights four of the principal themes in late-Quaternary research on summer-dry, mediterranean-type environments: first, issues of historical biogeography, such as convergent evolution; second, the synchroneity of past climate change between and within different regions; third, how far mediterranean-type environments represent cultural constructs or pristine habitats; and, fourth, the environmental future of mediterranean-type regions – for example, whether past records can help inform our under-standing of how their distinctive biotas and often fragile landscapes will respond to predicted climate change. These issues are illustrated from three of the world’s five mediterranean-type regions: the Western Cape Region of South Africa, South and Western Australia, and the Mediterranean Basin.


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