TITLE

The history of mediterranean-type environments: climate, culture and landscape

AUTHOR(S)
Roberts, N.; Meadows, M.E.; Dodson, J.R.
PUB. DATE
November 2001
SOURCE
Holocene;Nov2001, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p631
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This editorial introduction highlights four of the principal themes in late-Quaternary research on summer-dry, mediterranean-type environments: first, issues of historical biogeography, such as convergent evolution; second, the synchroneity of past climate change between and within different regions; third, how far mediterranean-type environments represent cultural constructs or pristine habitats; and, fourth, the environmental future of mediterranean-type regions � for example, whether past records can help inform our under-standing of how their distinctive biotas and often fragile landscapes will respond to predicted climate change. These issues are illustrated from three of the world�s five mediterranean-type regions: the Western Cape Region of South Africa, South and Western Australia, and the Mediterranean Basin.
ACCESSION #
7393080

 

Related Articles

  • Holocene vegetation change in the mediterranean-type climate regions of Australia. Dodson, J.R. // Holocene;Nov2001, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p673 

    In Australia mediterranean-type climates occur in southwestern Australia and in near coastal South Australia and adjacent western Victoria. These regions support species-rich sclerophyllous heaths and shrublands with the biodiversity particularly high in the southwest. Palynological records show...

  • POTENTIAL IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON VEGETATION IN THE EUROPEAN ALPS: A REVIEW. Theurillat, Jean-Paul; Guisan, Antoine // Climatic Change;Jul2001, Vol. 50 Issue 1/2, p77 

    Summarizes the trends on assessing the impact of climatic and atmospheric change on vegetation in the European Alps. Ways in which mountain plants may respond to a climatic change; Structural changes in vegetation due to climatic changes; Changes in growing season, ecosystem productivity and...

  • A Green Planet Versus a Desert World: Estimating the Maximum Effect of Vegetation on the Land... Kleidon, Axel; Fraedrich, Klaus // Climatic Change;Mar2000, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p471 

    Presents information on a study that quantified the maximum possible influence of vegetation on the global climate by conducting extreme climate model simulations. Overview of the formulation of the land surface scheme of the climate model; Design of the simulations; Differences in the...

  • Sensitivity of Climate to Changes in NDVI. Bounoua, L.; Collatz, G.J.; Los, S.O.; Sellers, P.J.; Dazlich, D.A.; Tucker, C.J.; Randall, D.A. // Journal of Climate;7/1/2000, Vol. 13 Issue 13, p2277 

    The sensitivity of global and regional climate to changes in vegetation density is investigated using a coupled biosphere-atmosphere model. The magnitude of the vegetation changes and their spatial distribution are based on natural decadal variability of the normalized difference vegetation...

  • CLIMATE IMPACT RESPONSE FUNCTIONS: AN INTRODUCTION. Toth, Ferenc L.; Cramer, Wolfgang // Climatic Change;Aug2000, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p225 

    Deals with a study which introduced a concept of climate impact response functions (CIRF) to analyze policy options under climatic change constraints. Analysis of climate impacts from point estimates to response functions; Information on an attempt to step beyond point estimates and derive CIRF...

  • Late Quaternary diatom response to vegetation and climate change in a subalpine lake in Banff National Park, Alberta. Hickman, Michael; Reasoner, Mel A. // Journal of Paleolimnology;Oct1998, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p253 

    The late Quaternary diatom record from subalpine Crowfoot Lake, Banff National Park, Alberta (lat. 51° 61′N; long. 116° 31′W) has been analyzed. Results are related to independently inferred vegetation and climate changes. No diatoms were found in the basal diamict that...

  • Responses of tree species to climate warming at different spatial scales. Liang, Yu; He, Hong; Lewis, Bernard // Chinese Geographical Science;Aug2011, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p427 

    Tree species respond to climate change at multiple scales, such as species physiological response at fine scale and species distribution (quantified by percent area) at broader spatial scale. At a given spatial scale, species physiological response and distribution can be correlated positively...

  • Interactive comment on "Changes in C3/C4 vegetation in the continental interior of the Central Himalayas associated with monsoonal paleoclimatic changes during the last 600 kyr" by M. Mampuku et al.  // Climate of the Past Discussions;2007 Supplement, Vol. 3, pS521 

    The article comments on the paper "Changes in C3/C4 Vegetation in the Continental Interior of the Central Himalayas Associated With Monsoonal Paleoclimatic Changes During the Last 600 kyr" by M. Mampuku and colleagues. It addresses the change of C4/C3 vegetation in glacial and interglacial...

  • Management Implications of Global Change for Great Plains Rangelands. Morgan, Jack A.; Derner, Justin D.; Milchunas, Daniel G.; Pendall, Elise // Rangelands;Jun2008, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p18 

    The article discusses the implications of global climate change on the vegetation and soil quality of Great Plains Rangelands of North America. It suggests that to manage these lands, North Americans need to develop innovative practices for the sustainable development of the area. According to...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics