TITLE

Factors influencing the degradation of garbage in methanogenic bioreactors and impacts on biogas formation

AUTHOR(S)
Morita, Masahiko; Sasaki, Kengo
PUB. DATE
May 2012
SOURCE
Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology;May2012, Vol. 94 Issue 3, p575
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Anaerobic digestion of garbage is attracting much attention because of its application in waste volume reduction and the recovery of biogas for use as an energy source. In this review, various factors influencing the degradation of garbage and the production of biogas are discussed. The surface hydrophobicity and porosity of supporting materials are important factors in retaining microorganisms such as aceticlastic methanogens and in attaining a higher degradation of garbage and a higher production of biogas. Ammonia concentration, changes in environmental parameters such as temperature and pH, and adaptation of microbial community to ammonia have been related to ammonia inhibition. The effects of drawing electrons from the methanogenic community and donating electrons into the methanogenic community on methane production have been shown in microbial fuel cells and bioelectrochemical reactors. The influences of trace elements, phase separation, and co-digestion are also summarized in this review.
ACCESSION #
73929202

 

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